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The Bill of Rights

US History

QuestionAnswer
Which amendment? Guarantees the "basic freedoms" The First Amendment
What are the freedoms are guaranteed in the First Amendment RAPPS - religion, assembly, press, petition, speech
What amendment, freedom and clause? According to the establishment clause of this amendment, the government cannot promote one religion over another (possibly by establishing a state run church) The First Amendment - Freedom of Religion - "Separation of Church and State"
What amendment, freedom, clause? The government can not prohibit the free exercise of religion The First Amendment - Freedom of Religion - "Free Exercise Clause"
What amendment, freedom, clause? The government can regulate the practices of someone’s religion but not the beliefs The First Amendment - Freedom of Religion
What amendment, freedom, clause? You are free to speak as you wish, but you are also responsible for the consequences of what you say The First Amendment - Freedom of Speech
Although you are free to say what you want, you are not allowed to ___________, or say something that is not true or will damage someone's reputation. slander
What amendment, freedom, clause? Although you are free to say what you want, you are not free to say something that might incite violence, crime, treason, or danger to the security of the US and its citizens The First Amendment - Freedom of Speech
What amendment, freedom, clause? The government cannot censor of restrict any printed material before it is published The First Amendment - Freedom of the Press
Although the freedom of the press is guaranteed, you are not allowed to _____________, or write something that is not true and will damage someone's reputation libel
Regarding these two freedoms, you do not have the right to say or print anything which might purposely cause people to take actions which might result in such things as violence or abuse of others’ rights. Freedoms of speech and the press
What amendment, freedom, clause? This is your freedom to meet in large numbers in public The First Amendment - Freedom of Assembly
What amendment, freedom, clause? The right applies most to gatherings for the purpose of protest The First Amendment - Freedom of Assembly
What amendment, freedom, clause? You have this right as long as that gathering does not result in a riot or property damage The First Amendment - Freedom of Assembly
What amendment, freedom, clause? You have the right to ask the government to correct/change things the people see as wrong The First Amendment - Freedom of Petition
What amendment? The right to own firearms (guns) The Second Amendment
What amendment? Possession of firearms by citizens for the purpose of having a “well-regulated militia”; this means our nation needs armed citizens to act as protection for our nation if needed The Second Amendment
What amendment? We also are given this right to insure the peoples’ protection from the government if it begins to abuse our rights The Second Amendment
What amendment? You have the right to own a firearm but the government has the power to regulate that ownership The Second Amendment
What amendment? You cannot be forced to house troops in your home during peacetime unless you give permission The Third Amendment
What amendment? You cannot be forced to house troops in your home during wartime unless the government passes a law requiring you to do so The Third Amendment
What amendment? No unreasonable search and seizure The Fourth Amendment
What amendment? Protected from illegal search and seizure of your persons, house, papers, and effects The Fourth Amendment
What amendment? All searches must be made on the condition of “probable cause” The Fourth Amendment
The presence of evidence that a crime has been committed Probable cause
What amendment? Search warrants require probable cause as well as the signature of a judge, a description of the place or person to be searched, and the person or things to be seized The Fourth Amendment
When is a warrant not needed? (1) presence of probable cause with a situation where time to get a warrant might result in the loss of the perpetrator (2) if a person is presently under arrest (3) chasing a criminal into a person’s home (4) person agrees to a search without a warrant
Which amendment? no one will be put on trial for a crime unless they first go before a grand jury EXCEPT in cases that involve the military during war or a time of public danger The Fifth Amendment
a jury, at common law, of 12 to 23 persons, designated to look into alleged violations of the law in order to figure out whether there is enough evidence to take you to trial grand jury
Which amendment? you cannot be put into “double jeopardy” without the presence of new evidence The Fifth Amendment
to be put on trial for the same criminal act twice double jeopardy
Which amendment? you cannot be forced to testify against yourself The Fifth Amendment
When hen you do not want to testify against yourself, you do what? Plead the Fifth
formal proceedings carried out regularly, fairly, and in accordance with established rules and principles; based on the principle that a person cannot be deprived of life or liberty or property without appropriate legal procedures and safeguards Due Process
Which amendment? all people on trial have a right to “due process” the government must follow the same rules all the time for everyone The Fifth Amendment
Which amendment? the government’s right to “eminent domain” but requires that the government give you due compensation (a fair price in money or exchange for something of equal value) The Fifth Amendment
The government’s power to take your private property for public use Eminent Domain
Which amendment? right to a speedy and public trial The Sixth Amendment
Which amendment? trial by an impartial jury of your peers (12 members whose decision on guilt or innocence must be unanimous) (there are no requirements for being a jury member but to be an 18 year old citizen and registered to vote) The Sixth Amendment
Which amendment? trials must take place in the state or district in which the crime was committed The Sixth Amendment
Which amendment? you have the right to confront the witnesses against you The Sixth Amendment
Which amendment? you have the power of subpoena(the power to have the court force someone to come to court and testify on your behalf) The Sixth Amendment
The power to have the court force someone to come to court and testify on your behalf subpoena
Which amendment? you have the right to have a lawyer to present your case to the court The Sixth Amendment
A lawyers can ask for a ___________ in which the trial may be moved to a different location in order to have a more fair trial due to media coverage or local issues with the defendant change of venue
The system of laws based on previous court decisions, on the principals implied in those decisions, and on customs rather than on written laws. common law
Which amendment? If the amount of money in a civil suit is more than $20, you can ask to have a jury make the final decision. The Seventh Amendment
Which amendment? You can appeal a civil court decision only if there has been a mistake made concerning “due process The Seventh Amendment
Which amendment? Decisions in a civil case are made based on “common law” which means that present decisions are made according to previous court cases’ decisions The Seventh Amendment
Which amendment? No excessive fines or bail The Eighth Amendment
Money given to the court as a promise that you will show up to court for your trial, it allows you to be out of jail until your trial is over Bail
Which amendment? No cruel and unusual punishments - the punishment must fit the crime. The Eighth Amendment
Which amendment? States if a right or freedom is not mentioned in the Constitution, that does not mean that you don’t have it - there are rights and freedoms that may not be listed in the Constitution but have been determined to be yours by the courts The Ninth Amendment
Which amendment? States that (A) if a power is not given to the national government by the Constitution OR (B) if a power is not denied to the states THEN that power belongs to the states and/or the people The Tenth Amendment
____________ deal with a person who has been accused of committing a crime criminal proceedings
In a criminal proceeding, the person on trail accused of committing a crime. defendent
In a criminal proceeding, the representative of the government responsible for proving a defendant has committed a crime. prosecution
___________ deal with lawsuits between two people when a person believes that another person has violated their rights in some way. civil proceedings
In a civil proceeding, the person being sued for violating the plaintiff's rights defendant
In a civil proceeding, the person suing the defendant for a wrong plaintiff
Created by: CoachKellie