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Civil War

Causes of the Civil War

TermDefinition
Missouri Compromise For every free state admitted to the Union, a slave state must also be admitted, keeping an equal balance of free and slave states.
Compromise of 1850 California could enter the Union as a free state and the new states of Utah and New Mexico could decide for themselves to be free or slave.
Kansas-Nebraska Act A law that allowed citizens in the new states to decide for themselves whether they would be free or slave states.
Bleeding Kansas Because of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, people who supported both free states and slave states went to Kansas to help fight and vote. There were violent conflicts.
Fugitive Slave Law A law that required Northern citizens and law officers to return escaped slaves to their owners.
Abolitionists People who wanted to end slavery.
Dred Scott Decision A slave could not be free just because he is living in a free state. Also, slaves could not sue because they are not considered citizens.
Stephen Douglas An Illinois senator who ran against Lincoln in the presidential election.
Basis of economies of North and South The North had an industrial economy and the South had an agricultural economy.
Cotton Gin An invention that caused plantation owners to increase the number of slaves on their plantations to harvest more cotton.
Harper's Ferry A federal storehouse in West Virginia that was invaded by John Brown and his followers. They also called for a slave rebellion
John Brown An abolitionist who led the attack on Harper's Ferry and called for a slave rebellion.
Slavery A person is owned by another person, used in the South as labor
State's Rights The belief that states have the right to make decisions about issues that concern them.
Federal Rights The belief that the federal government should have more control than the states.
Abraham Lincoln The president who was elected in 1860 and had to try to keep the country united during the Civil War.
Uncle Tom's Cabin A book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe about the harsh treatment of slaves. It was a bestseller in the North as well as in England and Europe.
Harriett Beecher Stowe An abolitionist who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin and Lincoln said of her, "So this is the little lady who wrote the book that made this great war!"
Frederick Douglass An escaped slave who bought his freedom. He became a well-known abolitionist.
Fort Sumter, SC The location of the first battle of the Civil War.
States seceding from the Union Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia
Union states or states remaining in the Union Maine, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, Kansas, Oregon, California
Border states--slave states that were unsure whether or not to stay in the Union or join the Confederacy. Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, Missouri
Harriet Tubman A conductor of the Underground Railroad who led more than 400 slaves to freedom.
Created by: JillMiner