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Map Skills

Map Skills Georgia 6th grade Social Studies

Cardinal Directions North (N), South (S), East (E), West (W)
Intermediate Directions Northeast (NE), Northwest (NW), Southeast (SE), Southwest (SW)
Compass Rose A circle with points printed on a map to show cardinal and intermediate directions.
Natural Features/Physical Features Features of the Earth that are a part of nature; ex. Mt. Everest
Cultural Features Manmade features of the Earth; ex. The Great Wall of China
Map Scale Ratio of the distance on a map compared to the actual distance on the Earth
Map Key/Legend Code that explains line, symbols, and colors used on a map
Physical Map A map that shows landforms and bodies of water
Political Map A map that shows the names and boundaries of countries and the location of cities and capitals
Grid System/Map Grid Allows the location of a point on a map (or on the surface of the earth) to be described in a way that is meaningful and universally understood. Uses letters and numbers to show location.
Latitude Lines/Parallels Location north or south of the equator measured by imaginary lines (run east and west but measure distance north and south of the equator)
Longitude Lines/ Meridians Location east or west of the Prime Meridian measured by imaginary lines; 0-180 degrees; intersect at the poles (run north and south but measure distance east and west of the Prime Meridian)
Prime Meridian An imaginary line of longitude that runs through the north and south poles; 0 degrees longitude
Equator An imaginary line of latitude that circles the Earth like a belt; 0 degrees latitude
Boundaries A dividing line between two areas. Some boundaries are natural, like a river or mountains. Some are invisible and separate states, countries etc.
Relative Location A location of a place in relation to another place. “Next door” and “southwest of France” are relative locations.
Absolute Location The exact position of a place on earth. A street address is an absolute location, or coordinates (latitude and longitude) uses degrees, minutes, and seconds.
Hemisphere When studying geography, this is one half of the globe. The equator separates the globe into the northern and southern hemispheres (bagel). The prime meridian separates the globe into the eastern and western hemispheres.
Historical Map A map that shows information about the past or where past events took place. Comparing the same place with two different historic maps can give us information about what has happened in that place during history.
Product Map A map that shows the different types of manufactured products (things made in a factory) in an area.
Economic or Resource Map A map shows the specific type of economic activity or natural resources present in an area through the use of different symbols or colors .
Climate Map A map that gives general information about the climate (weather, temperature) and precipitation of a region.
Elevation Map A map that uses colors to show the elevation, or height, of land above sea level
Tropic of Cancer The parallel of latitude 23°26ʹ north of the equator
Tropic of Capricorn The parallel of latitude 23°26ʹ south of the equator
Thematic Map A map that focuses on a single subject or theme, examples: physical, social, political, cultural, economic, sociological, agricultural, etc.
Population Density Describes the number of individuals occupying an area in relation to the size of that area (sparse - few or dense - many)
Time Zones A range of longitudes where a common standard time is used; each is one hour earlier than the zone immediately to the east; 24 world time zones; 6 U.S. time zones
Climate Zones Divisions of the Earth's climates into general climate zones according to average temperatures and average rainfall. The three major climate zones on the Earth are the polar, temperate, and tropical zones.
5 Themes of Geography Location, Place, Region, Movement, and Human-Environmental Interaction
Population Distribution Means the pattern of where people live. World population distribution is uneven. Places which are sparsely populated contain few people. Places which are densely populated contain many people. Sparsely populated places tend to be difficult places to live.
Created by: Bailey6ss
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