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The Consitution

US History

Who was allowed to vote at the time the Constitution was being written? white male property owners
What made New Jersey unique concerning voting at the time the Constitution was written? women could vote
What two groups were not permitted to vote at all when the Constitution was written? free or enslaved African Americans and Native Americans
What is a list of freedoms guaranteed by the government? bill of rights
The United States' first constitution created during the American Revolution Articles of Confederation
List two of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation -weak central government -could not tax -unanimous vote needed to amend -2/3 majority needed to pass legislation -made other countries were reluctant to deal with the US
How did the Great Compromise settle the dispute over representation in the national government? -equal representation in the Senate -representation based on population in the House of Representative
Why did the southern states fear the new government would be dominated by the North? the North had a much higher population
How did the new government appease the South concerning representation based on population in the legislature? Describe it. The Three-Fifths Compromise - each slave counted as 3/5 of a person towards the states population
Although the Constitution was written, it was not yet law of the land. In order to go into effect 9 of the 13 states had to do what? ratify
List the 6 Big Ideas of the Constitution Popular sovereignty Limited Government Federalism Separation of Powers Checks and balances Republicanism
Authority of the people, the government is subject to the will of the people it governs Popular Sovereignty
Created out of fear of misuse and abuse of power, placed restrictions on the government, such as the Bill of Rights Limited Government
Political system in which the power is divided between the national government and state governments Federalism
Government principle that divides the powers among different branches of the same government Separation of Powers
A system of government in which each branch of government has the ability to limit the power of the other branches as a way to keep any one branch from becoming too powerful Checks and Balances
A system of government in which people elect representatives and give them the power and responsibility to make laws and conduct government business Republicanism
Power held only by the national government Enumerated Powers
Regulate interstate and foreign trade Enumerated Powers
Declare war Enumerated Powers
Establish postal offices Enumerated Powers
Coin Money Enumerated Powers
Create and maintain the armed forces Enumerated Powers
establish foreign policy Enumerated Powers
establish federal courts Enumerated Powers
make copyright and patent laws Enumerated Powers
admit new states Enumerated Powers
Powers held by the state governments Reserved Powers
Regulate intrastate (within a state) trade Reserved Powers
Maintain schools Reserved Powers
Make laws about marriage and divorce Reserved Powers
Provide for public safety Reserved Powers
conduct elections Reserved Powers
establish local governments Reserved Powers
Powers held by both national and state governments Concurrent Powers
Provide for the public welfare (well-being) Concurrent Powers
levy and collect taxes Concurrent Powers
Administer criminal justice Concurrent Powers
Borrow money Concurrent Powers
List the three branches of the federal government Legislative Executive Judicial
What branch? responsible for enforcing the nation's laws The Executive Branch
What branch? over foreign policy, appoints ambassadors, negotiates treaties The Executive Branch
What branch? uses the military here or abroad, can’t declare war w/out Congress’ approval, 60 day limit on deployment and only longer if Congress approves The Executive Branch
What branch? Chief of State - represents all Americans The Executive Branch
What branch? Legislative Leader - propose laws and see them passed, leader of his political party The Executive Branch
What branch? Responsibility is to ENFORCE LAWS The Executive Branch
What branch? Made up of the President, Vice President, and the Cabinet The Executive Branch
What branch? appointment of Supreme Court justices and federal judges as well as the issuing of pardons(forgiveness The Executive Branch
Which branch? power to propose laws, veto or pocket veto bills passed by Congress, call special sessions, negotiates foreign treaties The Executive Branch
Which branch? Made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate(together these are called Congress) The Legislative Branch
Which branch? all members have the responsibility to represent their constituents (the people of their home states and districts) The Legislative Branch
Which branch? responsibility is to MAKE LAWS The Legislative Branch
the number each state has is determined by that state’s population – 2 year term House of Representatives
each state have two representatives - 6 year term Senate
Which branch? The presiding officer in the House of Representatives is the Speaker of the House who is chosen from the political party with the most members in the House The Legislative Branch
Which branch? the presiding officer in the Senate is the Vice President whose most important responsibility is that of voting only when there is a tie vote on a proposed bill The Legislative Branch
Which branch? checks on the executive branch include the ability to override a Presidential veto, approve/reject all Presidential appointments, impeach and/or remove the President from office, ratify treaties, declare war, appropriate money The Legislative Branch
Which branch? checks on the judicial branch - creating lower federal courts, the approval/rejection appointments to the Supreme Court/federal courts, impeach Supreme Court justices/federal judges, propose amendments to overrule judicial decisions The Legislative Branch
Who hs the final authority, appeals cases from lower courts, only court to hear cases concerning ambassadors and disputes between states The Supreme Court
Which Branch? The least public of the govt.’s branches because the President appoints the justices for life and the Senate confirms them, no public input, this eliminates having to please any group of electors The Judicial Branch
Which branch? made up of district courts, appellate courts, Supreme Court The Judicial Branch
Which branch? responsibility is to INTERPRET LAWS The Judicial Branch
Which branch? has the same check on both the other two branches is judicial review The Judicial Branch
Which Branch? makes all its decisions based only on their interpretation of the Constitution with consideration to previous Supreme Court decisions The Judicial Branch
Created by: CoachKellie
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