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US History Standard 1

TermDefinition
Virginia Company an English firm that planned to make money by sending people to America to find gold and other valuable natural resources and then ship the resources back to England.
Tobacco Cash crop that "saved" Jamestown colony.
Jamestown First successful English colony in North America.
John Rolfe Individual responsible for Jamestown's successful cultivation of Tobacco
Powhatan Powerful Indian Chief near Jamestown settlement.
House of Burgesses the first European-style legislative body in the New World. The representatives were both appointed by the company’s governor and elected by land-owning males of Virginia
Bacon's Rebellion Virginia farmers clashed with Indians and the House of Burgesses over frontier expansion. 1675
Indentured Servants people who worked for a land owner in exchange for their passage to the New World in hopes of eventually claiming their own land.
Slaves Imported from Africa and used as labor after Bacon's Rebellion. The economy of the south would become dependent on it.
Puritans a group of English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to "purify" the Church of England from all Roman Catholic practices. Founded colonies in New England.
Half-Way Coventant allowed partial church membership for the children and grandchildren of the original Puritans. As a result, these “half way” church members were allowed the opportunity to participate in the governance of the colony.
Salem Witch Trials a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts beginning in 1692. The trials resulted in the executions of 20 people
William Penn an English entrepreneur, philosopher, Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania
Quebec The first permanent French settlement in North America.
New England Colonies Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire. Fishing, whaling, and commercial trade from harbors such as Boston became important economic engines for the region.
Southern Colonies Maryland, Virginia, N. Carolina, S. Carolina, and Georgia. Agricultural economy.
Middle Colonies New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware.
King Phillip's War (1675–1676) was an early and bloody conflict between English and regional Native American tribal groups. As a result, Native American power in the region faded, and English colonization expanded.
Created by: croper1