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chapter 4

TermMeaningWord
cib/o meals
cis/o to cut
cost/o rib costochondritis-An inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the breastbone.
cutane/o skin cutaneous-of, relating to, or affecting the skin.
dactyl/o fingers, toes dactylospasm-Spasmodic contraction of the fingers or toes
duct/o to lead, carry ductogram-is a special type of contrast enhanced mammography used for imaging the breast ducts
flex/o to blend flexible-capable of bending easily without breaking.
furc/o forking, branching
gloss/o tongue glossophobia-or speech anxiety is the fear of public speaking or of speaking in general
glyc/o sugar glycolysis-the breakdown of glucose by enzymes, releasing energy and pyruvic acid.
immun/o protection immune system-attacks organisms and substances that invade body systems and cause disease
morph/o shape, form Morphology- is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.
mort/o death morton neuroma-A thickening of the tissue around a nerve leading to the toes.
nat/i birth native-a person born in a specified place or associated with a place by birth, whether subsequently resident there or not
nect/o to bind, tie, connect nectobenthos- Organisms typically associated with the benthos that swim actively in the water column at certain periods
norm/o rule. order normocephalic-is a medical term referring to a person whose head and all major organs of the head are in a normal condition and without significant abnormalities.
ox/o oxygen oxoproline-is an uncommon and little studied amino acid derivative in which the free amino group of glutamic acid or glutamine cyclizes to form a lactam.
pub/o pubis pubococcygeus-muscle or PC muscle is a hammock-like muscle, found in both sexes, that stretches from the pubic bone to the coccyx (tail bone) forming the floor of the pelvic cavity and supporting the pelvic organs
seps/o infection sepsis-A life-threatening complication of an infection.
somn/o sleep somnolent-sleepy
son/o sound sonorous-capable of producing a deep or ringing sound
the/o to put, place theophylline-a bitter crystalline compound present in small quantities in tea leaves, isomeric with theobromine.
thel/o, theli/o nipple mesothelioma-a usually malignant tumor derived from mesothelial tissue
thyr/o thyroid gland thyroxine-the main hormone produced by the thyroid gland, acting to increase metabolic rate and so regulating growth and development
top/o place, position, location topography-the arrangement of the natural and artificial physical features of an area.
tox/o poison toxin-an antigenic poison or venom of plant or animal origin, especially one produced by or derived from microorganisms and causing disease when present at low concentration in the body.
trache/o windpipe, trachea tracheomalacia-is a condition characterized by flaccidity of the tracheal support cartilage which leads to tracheal collapse especially when increased airflow is demanded.
urethr/o urethra urethrocele- is a problem with the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
-blast embroyonic, immature erythroblastosis-he abnormal presence of erythroblasts in the blood.
-crine to secrete endocrinologist- is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of children with diseases of the endocrine system, such as diabetes and growth disorders
-drome to run marfan syndrome- inherited connective tissue disorder marked by a tall, thin body type with long, "spidery" fingers and toes
-fusion coming together, to pour
-gen substance that produces gentamicin-injection is used to treat serious bacterial infections in many different parts of the body
-lapse to slide, fall.sag rectal prolapse-A condition that occurs when part of the large intestine slips outside the anus
-lysis breakdown, destruction, seperation paralysis-the loss of the ability to move (and sometimes to feel anything) in part or most of the body, typically as a result of illness, poison, or injury
-meter to measure diameter-a straight line passing from side to side through the center of a body or figure, especially a circle or sphere
-mission to send remission-a diminution of the seriousness or intensity of disease or pain
-or one who abductor-a muscle whose contraction moves a limb or part away from the midline of the body, or from another part
-oxia oxygen anoxia-an absence of oxygen
a-, an- no, not, without apnea-temporary cessation of breathing, especially during sleep.
ab- away from abnormal-deviating from what is normal or usual
ad- toward adductor-a muscle whose contraction moves a limb or other part of the body toward the midline of the body or toward another part
ana- up,apart anabolism-the synthesis of complex molecules in living organisms from simpler ones together with the storage of energy; constructive metabolism
ante- before, forward ante cibum- after meal
anti- against antibiotic- destroy or inhibit the growth of microorganisms.
auto- self, own autoimmune disease-A disease in which the body's immune system attacks healthy cells.
bi- two bifurcation-normal splitting into two branches
brady- slow bradycardia-a pulse of less than 60
cata- down catabolism-the breakdown of complex molecules in living organisms to form simpler ones, together with the release of energy; destructive metabolism
con- with , together conginital anomaly-An often-inherited medical condition that occurs at or before birth.
contra- agaisnt, opposite contraindication- is a specific situation in which a drug, procedure, or surgery should not be used because it may be harmful to the person
de- down, lack of dehydration- The process of losing or removing water or moisture.
dia- through, complete diarrhea- condition in which feces are discharged from the bowels frequently and in a liquid form
dys- bad, painful, difficult, abnormal dyspnea-difficult or labored breathing
ec-, ecto- out, outside ectopic pregnancy-a pregnancy in which the fetus develops outside the uterus, typically in a Fallopian tube
endo- in, within endocardium-the thin, smooth membrane that lines the inside of the chambers of the heart and forms the surface of the valves
epi- upon, on, above epithelium-the thin tissue forming the outer layer of a body's surface and lining the alimentary canal and other hollow structures
eu- good,normal euphoria-a feeling or state of intense excitement and happiness
ex- out, outside, away from exophtalmos-abnormal protrusion of the eyeball or eyeballs.
hemi- half hemiglossectomy- Surgical removal of one half of the tongue
hyper- excessive, above hyperglycemia-an excess of glucose in the bloodstream, often associated with diabetes mellitus.
hypo- deficient, under hypodermic injection-the forcing of a liquid into a part, as into the subcutaneous tissues, the vascular tree, or an organ.
in- not insomniac-is someone who can't sleep, someone who stares at the ceiling all night or watches the minutes tick by on the alarm clock or counts sheep into the millions.
in- into, without incision-a surgical cut made in skin or flesh.
infra- beneath, under infracostal-situated beneath the ribs
inter- between intercoastal-a muscle situated between the ribs
intra- in,within,into intravenous-existing or taking place within, or administered into, a vein or veins
macro- large macrocephaly- is not a condition in itself. It is a symptom of other conditions
mal- bad malaise-a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or uneasiness whose exact cause is difficult to identify.
meta- beyond, change metacarpal bones-form the intermediate part of the skeletal hand located between the phalanges of the fingers and the carpal bones of the wrist which forms the connection to the forearm
micro- small microscope-an optical instrument used for viewing very small objects, such as mineral samples or animal or plant cells, typically magnified several hundred times.
neo- new neonatal-of or relating to newborn children (or mammals).
pan- all pancytopenia-deficiency of all three cellular components of the blood (red cells, white cells, and platelets).
para- abnormal,beside,near paralysis-the loss of the ability to move (and sometimes to feel anything) in part or most of the body, typically as a result of illness, poison, or injury
per- through percutaneous-made, done, or effected through the skin.
peri- surrounding pericardium-the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibrous layer and an inner double layer of serous membrane
poly- many,much polyorphonuclear-(of a leukocyte) having a nucleus with several lobes and a cytoplasm that contains granules, as in an eosinophil or basophil
post- after,behind postmortem-an examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death
pre- before,in front of precanerous-(of a cell or medical condition) likely to develop into cancer if untreated.
pro- before,fo prodome-an early symptom indicating the onset of a disease or illness.
pros- before, forward prosthesis-an artificial body part, such as a leg, a heart, or a breast implant
supra- above,upper suprapubic-drains urine from your bladder
syn-,sym- together,with syndactyly-the condition of having some or all of the fingers or toes wholly or partly united, either naturally (as in web-footed animals) or as a malformation.
tachy- fast tachypnea-abnormally rapid breathing.
ultra- beyond,excess ultrasonography-is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound
uni- one unilatreal-(of an action or decision) performed by or affecting only one person, group, or country involved in a particular situation, without the agreement of another or the others
an/o anus perianal-situated in or affecting the area around the anus.
append/o appendix appendectomy-a surgical operation to remove the appendix.
bucc/o cheek buccal mucosa-refers to the inside lining of the cheeks and is part of the lining mucosa.
cec/o cecum cecal-is an intraperitoneal pouch, that is considered to be the beginning of the large intestine
cel/i belly celiac-An immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye
cheil/o lip cheilosis-Inflammation and small cracks in one or both corners of the mouth.
cholecyst/o gallbladder cholecystectomy-surgical removal of the gallbladder.
choledoch/o common bile duct choldochotomy- incision into the common bile duct
col/o colon colostomy-a surgical operation in which a piece of the colon is diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall so as to bypass a damaged part of the colon
dent/i tooth dentibuccal-pertaining to the teeth and cheek
duoden/o duodenum duodenal-is the first and shortest segment of the small intestine
esophag/o esophagus esophageal-Cancer of the tube that runs from the throat to the stomach (esophagus).
faci/o face facial-of or affecting the face.
gingiv/o gums gingivitis-A form of gum disease that causes inflamed gums.
ile/o ileum ileoceal sphincter- valve between the ileum of the small intestine and the cecum of the large intestine
jejun/o jejunum gastrojejunostomy- is a surgical procedure in which an anastomosis is created between the stomach and the proximal loop of the jejunum
labi/o lip labial-of or relating to the lips.
lapar/o abdomen laparscopy-a surgical procedure in which a fiber-optic instrument is inserted through the abdominal wall to view the organs in the abdomen or to permit a surgical procedure
lingu/o tongue sublingual-situated or applied under the tongue.
mandibul/o lower jaw submandibular-glands are major salivary glands located beneath the floor of the mouth
odont/o tooth orthodontist-is a type of dentist who specializes in straightening crooked teeth
or/o mouth oral- oral- of or relating to the mouth of or relating to the mouth
palat/o palate palatoplasty-is a surgical procedure used to correct or reconstruct the palate in a person with a cleft palate
pancreat/o pancreas pancreatitis-An inflammation of the organ lying behind the lower part of the stomach (pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum peritonitis-Inflammation of the membrane lining the abdominal wall and covering the abdominal organs
pharyng/o throat pharyngeal-of or relating to the pharynx
proct/o anus and rectum proctologist-the branch of medicine concerned with the anus and rectum
pylor/o pyloric sphincter pyloroplasty- is surgery to widen the opening in the lower part of the stomach (pylorus) so that stomach contents can empty into the small intestine (duodenum).
rect/o rectum rectocele-A condition in which the tissue wall between the rectum and vagina weakens
sialaden/o salivary gland sialadentitis-is an infection of the salivary glands. It is usually caused by a virus or bacteria
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon sigmoidoscopy-examination of the sigmoid colon by means of a flexible tube inserted through the anus
stomat/o mouth stomatitis-A condition that causes painful swelling and sores inside the mouth.
uvul/o uvula uvulectomy-is a surgical procedure in which all or part of the uvula is removed
amyl/o starch amylase- is an enzyme that helps digest carbohydrates. It is made in the pancreas and the glands that make saliva
bil/i gall, bile biliary-of or relating to bile or the bile duct.
bilirubin/o bilirubin hyperbilirubinemia-is a condition in which there is too much bilirubin in the blood
chol/e gall,bile cholelithiasis-A hardened deposit within the fluid in the gallbladder, a small organ under the liver.
chlorhydr/o hydrochloric acid achlorhydria-absence of hydrochloric acid in the gastric secretions
lip/o fat,lipid lipoma-A fatty lump most often situated between the skin and underlying muscle layer
lith/o stone lithogenesis-Formation of calculi
prote/o protein protease-an enzyme that breaks down proteins and peptides.
py/o pus pyorrhea-A serious gum infection that damages gums and can destroy the jawbone.
sial/o saliva sialolith-is a condition where a calcified mass or sialolith forms within a salivary gland
steat/o fat steatorrhea-the excretion of abnormal quantities of fat with the feces owing to reduced absorption of fat by the intestine.
-ase anzyme lipase-a pancreatic enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of fats to fatty acids and glycerol or other alcohols
-chezia defecation hematochezia-is the passage of fresh blood through the anus
-iasis abnormal choledocholithiasis- is the presence of at least one gallstone in the common bile duct
-prandial meal postprandial-occurring after a meal
carp/o wrist bones carpal tunnel-A numbness and tingling in the hand and arm caused by a pinched nerve in the wrist
Created by: Enesha2017