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chapter 3

TermMeaningDefinition
arc/o extremities,top,extreme point acromegaly- endpcrine disorder
acu/o sharp, severe, sudden vacuole-a space or vesicle within the cytoplasm of a cell, enclosed by a membrane and typically containing fluid.
aden/o gland adenomyosis-A condition in which endometrial tissue exists within and grows into the uterine wall.
adip/o fat adiponectin-s a protein which in humans is encoded by the ADIPOQ gene
amni/o amnion amniocentesis-is a medical procedure used in prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities and fetal infections
angi/o vessel angiography-examination by X-ray of blood or lymph vessels, carried out after introduction of a radiopaque substance
arteri/o artery arteriogram-s an X-ray of the blood vessels called arteries.
arthr/o joint arthrogryposis-escribes congenital joint contractures in two or more areas of the body
axill/o armpit axillobifemoral bypass-is a method of surgical revascularization used in the setting of symptomatic aortoiliac occlusive disease for patients who have no endovascular option or who cannot undergo an aortofemoral reconstruction.
bi/o life biotin-a vitamin of the B complex, found in egg yolk, liver, and yeast. It is involved in the synthesis of fatty acids and glucose.
blephar/o eyelid blepharoplasty-surgical repair or reconstruction of an eyelid.
hydr/o water,fluid hydrophobic-tending to repel or fail to mix with water.
inguin/o groin inguinodynia-is pain or discomfort lasting greater than 3 months after surgery of inguinal hernia.
ischi/o to hold back ischiorectal abscess-an abscess in the space between the sheet of muscle that assists in control of the rectum and the pelvic bone.
lapar/o abdomen,abdominal wall laparoscopic-is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed far from their location through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) elsewhere in the body.
laryng/o larynx laryngospasm-is a brief spasm of the vocal cords that temporarily makes it difficult to speak or breathe
leuk/o white leukoplakia-Thickened, white patches inside the mouth.
lymph/o lymph lymphoma-A cancer of the lymphatic system.
mamm/o breast mammogram-an image obtained by mammography.
mast/o breast mastoiditis-An infection that affects the mastoid bone, located behind the ear.
morph/o shape, form morphological-is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.
muc/o mucus mucocele-is a benign, mucus-containing cystic lesion of the minor salivary gland.
my/o muscle myopia-s the most common refractive error of the eye
meyl/o spinal cord bone marrow myelomeningocele-is a birth defect in which the backbone and spinal canal do not close before birth
necr/o death necrology-an obituary notice
nephr/o kidney nephrology-the branch of medicine that deals with the physiology and diseases of the kidneys
nuer/o nerve neuropathy-problem with nerves
neutr/o neutrophill Neutrogena-brand of skin care, hair care and cosmetics,
neucle/o nucleus nucleotide-Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits
opthalm/o eye ophthalmology-the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of disorders and diseases of the eye
-algia pain arthralgia-pain in a joint
-cele -hernia rectocele-A condition in which the tissue wall between the rectum and vagina weakens
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid Thoracentesis -is a procedure to remove fluid from the space between the lungs and the chest wall called the pleural space
-coccus , -cocci -berry-shaped bacteria streptococcus-Streptococcus is a genus of coccus Gram-positive bacteria belonging to the phylum Firmicutes and the order Lactobacillale
-cyte cell thrombocyte-A platelet. Crucial to normal blood clotting
-dynia -pain pleurodynia-s defined as the sudden occurrence of lancinating chest pain or abdominal pain attacks, commonly associated with fever, malaise, and headaches.
-ectomy -excision laryngectomy-is the removal of the larynx and separation of the airway from the mouth, nose and esophagus
-emia -blood condition ischemia-an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body, especially the heart muscles.
-genesis -condition of producing carcinogenesis-the initiation of cancer formation.
-gram -record mammogram-is an x-ray picture of the breast
-graph -instrument for recording electroencephalograph-the measurement of electrical activity in different parts of the brain and the recording of such activity as a visual trace (on paper or on an oscilloscope screen)
-graphy -process of recording electroencephalography-the measurement of electrical activity in different parts of the brain and the recording of such activity as a visual trace (on paper or on an oscilloscope screen)
-itis -inflammation bronchitits-Inflammation of the lining of bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from the lungs
-logy -study of pathology-the science of the causes and effects of diseases,
-lysis -breakdown hemolysis-the rupture or destruction of red blood cells.
-malacia -softening osteomalacia- softening of the bones, typically through a deficiency of vitamin D or calcium.
-megaly enlargement acromegaly-A disorder in adults in which the pituitary gland produces too much growth hormone
-opsy to view biopsy-an examination of tissue removed from a living body to discover the presence, cause, or extent of a disease.
-osis condition, usuallyabnormal necrosis-the death of most or all of the cells in an organ or tissue due to disease, injury, or failure of the blood supply.
-pathy disease, condition cardiomyopathy-An acquired or hereditary disease of the heart muscle.
-penia deficiency erythropenia-Deficiency in the number of red blood cells
-phobia fear acrophobia-extreme or irrational fear of heights.
-plasty surgical repair angioplasty-surgical repair or unblocking of a blood vessel, especially a coronary artery.
-ptosis drooping, falling, prolapse blepharoptosis-also referred to as ptosis, is defined as an abnormal low-lying upper eyelid margin with the eye in primary gaze
-sclerosis hardening arteriosclerosis-The build-up of fats, cholesterol, and other substances in and on the artery walls.
-scope instrument for visual examination laparoscope-a usually rigid endoscope that is inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall and is used to examine visually the interior of the peritoneal cavity—called also peritoneoscope.
-scopy process of visual examination laparscopy-a surgical procedure in which a fiber-optic instrument is inserted through the abdominal wall to view the organs in the abdomen or to permit a surgical procedure.
-stasis controlling, stopping metastasis-the development of secondary malignant growths at a distance from a primary site of cancer.
-stomy opening to form mouth colostomy-a surgical operation in which a piece of the colon is diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall so as to bypass a damaged part of the colon.
-therapy treatment hydrotherapy-the use of exercises in a pool as part of treatment for conditions such as arthritis or partial paralysis.
-tomy incision, cutting into phlebotomy-he surgical opening or puncture of a vein in order to withdraw blood or introduce a fluid, or (historically) as part of the procedure of letting blood
-trophy development, nourishment atrophy-of body tissue or an organ) waste away, typically due to the degeneration of cells, or become vestigial during evolution.
-er one who radiolographer-responsible for producing high quality medical images that assist medical specialists and doctors to diagnose or monitor a patient's injury or illness
-ia condition leukemia-A cancer of blood-forming tissues, hindering the body's ability to fight infection.
-ist specialist nephrologist-s a physician who studies and deals with nephrology. Nephrology is the adult and pediatric study of the kidneys and its diseases
-ule little, small venule-a very small vein, especially one collecting blood from the capillaries.
-um, ium structure, tissue pericardium-the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibrous layer and an inner double layer of serous membrane.
-us structure, substance mucus-a slimy substance, typically not miscible with water, secreted by mucous membranes and glands for lubrication, protection, etc
-y condition, process nephropathy=is a progressive kidney disease caused by damage to the capillaries in the kidneys' glomeruli.
-al pertaining to peritoneal-the smooth transparent serous membrane that lines the cavity of the abdomen of a mamma
-ar pertaining to tonsillar-a prominent oval mass of lymphoid tissue on each side of the throat
-ary pertaining to pulmonary-of or relating to the lungs.
-eal pertaining to laryngeal-is located within the anterior aspect of the neck
-genic pertaining to , producing carcinoenic-having the potential to cause cancer.
-ic, -ical pertaining to chronic- persisting for a long time or constantly recurring
-oid resembling adenoids-are a mass of soft tissue behind the nasal cavity
-ose pertaining to adipose- used for the storage of fat.
-ous pertaining to mucous membrane-an epithelial tissue that secretes mucus and that lines many body cavities and tubular organs including the gut and respiratory passages
-tic pertaining to necrotic-death of cells
-ac, -iac pertaining to cardiac-of or relating to the heart.
Created by: Enesha2017