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chapter 2

TermDefinition
abdomin/o abdomen abdominal-relating to the abdomen.
adip/o fat adipose-used for the storage of fat
anter/o front anterior-nearer the front, especially situated in the front of the body or nearer to the head
bol/o to cast anabolism-the synthesis of complex molecules in living organisms from simpler ones together with the storage of energy; constructive metabolism
cervic/o neck of the body or unterus cervical-of or relating to the narrow necklike passage forming the lower end of the uterus.
chrondr/o cartliage chondroma-is a benign cartilaginous tumor
chrom/o color chromosomes-a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes
cocyg/o coccyx (tailbone)) coccygeal-tailbone
crani/o skull craniotomy-surgical cut into skull
dist/o far distal-situated away from the center of the body or from the point of attachment.
dors/o back portion of the body dorsal-of, on, or relating to the upper side or back of an animal, plant, or organ.
hist/o tissue histology-s the study of the microscopic anatomy (microanatomy) of cells and tissues of plants and animals.
ili/o ilium iliac-The crest of the ilium (or iliac crest) is the superior border of the wing of ilium and the superolateral margin of the greater pelvis
inguin/o groind inguinal-of the groin
kary/o nucleus karyotype-is the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.
later/o side lateral-of, at, toward, or from the side or sides
lumb/o lower back lumbosacral- region of the spine consists of 5 lumbar vertebrae and the sacrum (5 bones joined together)
medi/o middle medial-situated in the middle, in particular
nucle/o nucleus nucleic-ucleic acids, which include DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid), are made from monomers known as nucleotides
pelv/i pelvis pelvic-of, relating to, or situated within the bony pelvis.
poster/o back,behind posterior-further back in position; of or nearer the rear or hind end, especially of the body or a part of it.
proxim/o nearest proximal-situated nearer to the center of the body or the point of attachment.
sacr/o sacrum sacral-of, for, or relating to sacred rites or symbols
sarc/o flesh sarcoma-a malignant tumor of connective or other nonepithelial tissue.
spin/o spine spinal-is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region
thel/o, theli/o nipple epithelial cell-Epithelial cells help to protect or enclose organs
thorac/o chest thoracic-of or relating to the thorax
trache/o trachea tracheal-pertaining to or connected with the trachea or tracheae
umbilic/o navel umbilical-relating to or affecting the navel or umbilical cord.
ventr/o belly side of the body ventral-of, on, or relating to the underside of an animal or plant; abdominal.
vertebr/o vertebra vertebral-is part of the axial skeleton
viscer/o internal organs visceral-of or relating to the viscera.
ana- up anabolic-relating to or promoting anabolism.
cata- down catabolism-the breakdown of complex molecules in living organisms to form simpler ones, together with the release of energy
epi- above epigastric-In anatomy, the epigastrium (or epigastric region) is the upper central region of the abdomen
hypo- below hypochondriac region-either of the abdominal regions that are in superior lateral locations, one on the left (left hypochondriac region) and one on the right (right hypochondriac region) of the epigastric region; called also hypochondrium.
inter- between intervertebral-situated between vertebrae.
meta- change metabolism-s a term that is used to describe all chemical reactions involved in maintaining the living state of the cells and the organism
-eal pertaining to coccygeal-tailbone
-iac pertaining to ammoniac-s a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH₃
-ior pertaining to inferior-lower in rank, status, or quality.
-ism process,condition agism-prejudice or discrimination on the basis of a person's age
-ose pertaining to , full of overdose- ingestion or application of a drug or other substance in quantities greater than are recommended or generally practiced
-plasm formation bioplasm-is living matter; it is structureless, semi-fluid, transparent and colorless
-somes bodies chromosomes-a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes
-type picture, classification ambrotype-make a copy of (something) by the electrolytic deposition of copper on a mold.
Created by: Enesha2017