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Chapter 1 Suffix

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
-ac pertaining to cardiac-of or relating to the heart
-al pertaining to neural-of or relating to a nerve or the nervous system.
-algia pain arthralgia-pain in a joint.
-cyte cell erythrocyte-red blood cell
-ectomy excision nephrectomy-surgical removal of one or both of the kidneys.
-emia blood condition leukemia-is cancer of the white blood cells
-genic pertaining to producing carcinogenic-having the potential to cause cancer.
-globin protein hemoglobin-a red protein responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood of vertebrates
-gram record electroencephalogram-a test or record of brain activity produced by electroencephalography
-ic, -ical pertaining to gastric-of the stomach.
-ion process excision-complete removal of an organ
-ist specialist ophthalmologist- specialist that specializes in eye and vision
-itis inflammation cystitis-is the medical term for inflammation of the bladder
-logy process of study endocrinology-the branch of physiology and medicine concerned with endocrine glands and hormones
-oma tumor hepatoma-The most common form of liver cancer
-opsy process of viewing biopsy-an examination of tissue removed from a living body to discover the presence, cause, or extent of a disease
-osis condition nephrosis-kidney disease
-pathy disease condition enteropathy-a disease of the intestines
-scope instrument to visually examine endoscope-medical device used to look inside a body cavity or organ
-scopy process of visually examining endoscopy-is a nonsurgical procedure used to examine a person's digestive tract
-sis state of prognosis-the likely course of a disease or ailment.
-tomy process of cutting osteotomy-the surgical cutting of a bone or removal of a piece of bone.
-y process of condition gastroenterology-the branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the stomach and intestines.
a-,an- no,not,without anemia-A condition in which the blood doesn't have enough healthy red blood cells.
aut-,auto- self,own autopsy-is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death and to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present.
dia- complete.through diagnosis-the identification of the nature of an illness or other problem by examination of the symptoms.
endo- within endocrinologist-treat people who suffer from hormonal imbalances
epi- above.upon epigastric-is the upper central region of the abdomen
ex-.exo- out,outside,outward excision- removal of tissue, bone or organ
hyper- excessive hyperthrodism-is a condition in which the thyroid gland is overactive and makes excessive amounts of thyroid hormone
hypo- deficient hypogastric-of or relating to the lower median abdominal region
in- into,in incision-a surgical cut
peri- surrounding pericardium-the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibrous layer and an inner double layer of serous membrane.
pro- before prostate gland-a gland surrounding the neck of the bladder in male mammals and releasing prostatic fluid
re- back resection-the removal of all or part of an organ
retro- behind retrocardiac--at the back of the heart,
sub- below subhepatic-situated or occurring under the liver
trans- across transhepatic-passing through or performed by way of the bile ducts
Created by: Enesha2017