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Final Review

Final Review Vocabulary

primary source eyewitness account Examples- diary, journal entry
secondary source second hand source Ex: textbook, movies
peninsula landform surrounded by water on 3 sides
strait narrow body of water
climate weather over a long period of time
land bridge theory that states early peoples came from Asia to the Americas
artifact object made by humans
migration the movement of people
nomad someone who follows the food supply
ice age period when earth was covered by glaciers
hemisphere half of the earth's regions northern, western, southern, eastern
tribe group of Natives who share common language and culture
sachem Iroquois leader- 50 chosen by women
surplus extra supply- led to communities
turning point event that changes the course of history
Columbian exchange movement of goods and ideas from Europe to New World
culture total way of life
colony group of people who settle in distant land, but are still ruled by the government of their native land EX; British colonies
embargo refusal to trade
northwest passage all water route to Asia that didn't exist
House of Burgesses first representative government Virginia,
burgess elected representative
indentured servant someone who works 4-7 years in exchange for passage to New World
tariff tax on imports
domestic at home, within the country
foreign outside the country
debt money owed
tolerance acceptance of another's religion, culture
import product bought from another country
export product sold to another country
mercantilism European economic system in which colonies benefit mother country, gold is valued, and exporting more than importing
Boston Tea Party colonial rebellion to protest Tea Tax
Boston Massacre 1770- conflict between colonists and British troops in which 5 colonists were killed.
"No taxation without representation" Colonists wanted representation in Parliament
tyranny absolute rule
Patriot colonists who wanted independence
Loyalist/Tory those who wanted to stay loyal to England
writs of assistance legal document that allowed British custom officials to inspect cargo without warrent
Quartering Act British housing of soldiers in colonial homes
Proclamation of 1763 no settlers west of Appalachian Mountains To prevent conflicts with Native Americans
triangular trade colonial trade routes between Europe, Africa, Indies, and colonies
racism belief that one race is superior to another
slave codes laws preventing slaves from having rights
plantation large estate farmed by many workers SOuth- slaves
alien foreigner
sedition to speak against the governement
unconstitutional against the principles of the constitution
federal/national govt. Washington, DC- Congress
boycott to refuse to buy a good- protest used in colonies
petition to address the government Olive Branch Petition-
legislature lawmaking body Congress Parliament
veto I forbid, check and balance President, Congress
faction groups- led to political parties
spoils system Jackson- providing govt. jobs to those who helped support you in your election
War Hawk wanted war against England- 1812
reform to make better Result of Second Great Awakening
compromise when both sides give up something to achieve a goal
ratification to accept the Constitution or legal document
amendments changes to Constitution Bill of RIghts
separation of powers powers are divided into 3 branches each with a different role
checks and balances system in which no branch of govt becomes too powerful
popular sovereignty the people rule
federalism powers are given to state and federal government
neutrality not taking sides Washington's Foreign Policy
Louisiana Purchase Doubled the size of the US Bought from France- Thomas Jefferson
Lewis & Clark expedition explorers of Louisiana Territory
Marbury v. Madison gave the Supreme COurt the right to declare a law unconstitutional- case of midnight judges
judicial review the right of the SUpreme COurt to declare a law unconstiutional
impressment taking of American sailors and ships One of the causes of the War of 1812
Industrial Revolution change from hand-made goods to machine made goods Began in England
Erie Canal allowed the movement of goods from western NY to NYC
cotton gin Eli Whitney's invention to remove seeds from cotton increased need for slaves
sectionalism loyalty to one's section or state, rather than nation
manifest destiny belief that America should expand its borders from ocean to ocean
abolitionist-abolitionist movement wanted to end slavery
Underground Railroad-"conductor" secret passage to North for runaway slaves
states' rights one of the causes of the Civil War
secession the withdrawal of the South from the Union in 1860
Confederate States of America southern states that seceded Jefferson Davis- President
foreign policy actions that a nation takes in relation to another nation
electoral college delegates from each state that chooses the president
republic government in which citizens choose representatives to govern them
Created by: lindamanzo
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