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Race Relations

CRM Protest Methods in the 60s - The sit-ins

Who did the first CR success not come from at all? The SCLC
What happened in 1960 in Greensboro, North Carolina? Four college students went to the local Woolworths store and sat down at the white section of the lunch counter.
When and where did four college students sit at the white section of the lunch counter in their local Woolworths store? 1960 in Greensboro, North Carolina.
What happened on the first day that the four college students sat at the white section of the lunch counter? They were simply ignored.
After being ignored on the first day, what did the college students do? Returned the following day with 30 students; this time they got into the local newspaper.
What was the case on the third day? There were 66 black students.
What did the escalating trouble during the following week involve? A bomb threat.
After a week of escalating trouble - including a bomb threat - what was forced to happen? The store was forced to close.
What did the Greensboro Woolworths protests do? Immediately spawn copycat sit-ins all over the South, involving perhaps 50,000 students in all.
What happened to the protestors at the sit-ins? They were humiliated and assaulted. Not all of them managed to fight back.
What did Greensboro in fact have? An effective NAACP organisation.
What did Greensboro manage to do (with its effective NAACP organisation)? Register large numbers of black voters, and had even got black Councillors elected.
What was the downside of there being black Councillors elected in Greensboro? As a minority on the Council, the black councillors found that not only could they not reform segregation in Greensboro, their presence on the Council simply made it look as though they supported the Council's segregation policies.
As a result of what Greensboro got, what were the sit-ins therefore? A new tactic for civil rights - they were 'direct action' to challenge segregation.
What happened at the end of the sit-ins? The SNCC was formed.
How was King involved in the sit-ins? He had nothing to do with organising them, and he generally disapproved - he was only persuaded to join one in October 1960 (after which he was arrested and sentenced to four months of hard labour).
Why had the students chosen to highlight racial inequality with the sit-ins? Because 1960 was a presidential election year.
What was one of the reasons why Kennedy won a close vote? His protest about the imprisonment of King.
Who had Kennedy won over? Large numbers of black voters.
What was there an increase in? Black voters
What was the increase in black voters? Something that the US government had to take into account.
Created by: mollyyy