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Stalin

4.2 - Show Trials

QuestionAnswer
What did Stalin issue? New decrees that gave his secret police, the NKVD, power to organise trials of 'crimes against the State' (treason).
What wasn't allowed in treason trials? Witnesses or appeals.
What could be done in treason trials? Torture to extract a confession.
What could failure to inform the NKVD of a traitor lead to? A 20-year prison sentence.
Who became the enemies of the State during the process of collectivisation of agriculture? The kulaks
What was done to the kulaks as a result of them becoming enemies of the State? They were tried, + shot or sent to labour camps. The labour camps, or gulags, grew in number and size during the 1930s. Those condemned to live there suffered near-starvation and were forced to construct railways or canals, or build new industrial cities
What can be said about the new industrial cities that some people sent to gulags were forced to help build? They were impressive.
Give an example of one of the impressive new industrial cities that some of the people sent to gulags were forced to help build: Magnitogorsk
Why were Show Trials organised? To justify the sentences imposed on the accused.
Who were tried in the Show Trials? Almost all of the Old Bolsheviks who had played a leading part in October 1917.
What happened to almost all of the Od Bolsheviks who had played a leading part in October 1917 and were tried in the show trials? They were found guilty after confessing to a variety of ludicrous crimes, and shot.
What happened in 1936 as a result of the Show Trials? Zinoviev, Kamenev and 14 others were shot after being brought to trial accused of plotting to assassinate Stalin with the help of Trotsky.
When were Zinoviev, Kamenev and 14 others shot after being brought to trial accused of plotting to assassinate Stalin with the help of Trotsky? 1936
In the 1936 Show Trial of Zinoviev, Kamenev and 14 others, what happened? The victims were humiliated by the State prosecutor, Andrei Vyskinsky, in scenes that were broadcast around the world.
What was organised in 1937? A second major Show Trial.
When was a second major Show Trial organised? 1937
What happened at the second major Show Trial (organised in 1937)? 17 leading Bolsheviks were accused of spying on behalf of Germany and Japan. All confessed that they were guilty and 13 were shot.
What happened to nearly a million lower-ranking party officials? They were accused of less serious crimes, thrown out of the party and sent to labour camps or shot.
How many lower-ranking party officials were accused of less serious crimes, thrown out of the party and sent to labour camps or shot? Nearly a million.
What were even members of the police charged with? Treason.
Even who were charged with treason? Members of the police.
Who was the head of the NKVD? Yagoda
What happened to the head of the NKVD, Yagoda? He was dismissed from his post and shot.
Who was dismissed from his post and shot? The head of the NKVD, Yagoda.
What happened to many lower-ranking NKVD men? They were accused of deliberately not rounding up enough traitors and they were also executed.
Who were accused of deliberately not rounding up enough traitors and also executed? Many lower-ranking NKVD men.
Created by: mollyyy