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Tsardom to Communism
1.2 - The Bolshevik uprising
|What did Lenin do in October 1917?
|He secretly returned to Petrograd from Finland to attend a meeting of the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party. He persuaded the committee to support a planned Bolshevik uprising.
|When did Lenin secretly return to Petrograd from Finland to attend a meeting of the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party?
|As a result of Lenin persuading the Central Committee to support a planned Bolshevik uprising in October 1917, what happened?
|The Petrograd Soviet set up a Military Revolutionary Committee that organised the planning of the operation, led by its Chairman, Trotsky.
|By early November, what had the Military Revolutionary Committee gained support from?
|The Petrograd garrison.
|After the Military Revolutionary Committee gained support from the Petrograd garrison in early November 1917, who knew what?
|Kerensky knew that the Bolsheviks were planning a takeover.
|After Kerensky found out that the Bolsheviks were planning a takeover in early November 1917, what did he do? What was an issue with his defence of the Provisional Government?
|He closed Bolshevik newspaper offices and recalled detachments of Russian troops from the war. However, the Provisional Government had little support from the people living in the city.
|What happened during the night of 6th November 1917?
|The Bolsheviks gained control of the Peter and Paul Fortress, the Telephone Exchange, power stations, railway stations, banks and main bridges in Petrograd.
|When did the Bolsheviks gain control of the Peter and Paul Fortress, the Telephone Exchange, power stations, railway stations, banks and main bridges in Petrograd?
|During the night of 6th November 1917.
|By the afternoon of 7th November 1917, what was the only thing in Petrograd that remained outside Bolshevik control?
|The Winter Palace.
|What was significant about the Winter Palace on 7th November 1917 (as well as it being the only thing in Petrograd that remained outside Bolshevik control)?
|It is where the Provisional Government was meeting.
|Despite the fact that on 7th November the Provisional Government was meeting at the Winter Palace in Petrograd, where was Kerensky?
|He had fled the city in order to try and gain the support of loyal troops.
|What happened in the evening of 7th November 1917?
|The cruiser 'Aurora', moored in the Riva Neva, and under Bolshevik control, fired shells in the direction of the Winter Palace. The Red Guards attacked the palace and met little opposition. The Provisional Government surrendered.
|Give more detail on the Bolshevik army meeting little opposition when they attacked the Winter Palace in Petrograd on the evening of 7th November 1917:
|The Winter Palace was being guarded by a women's battalion and some trainee cadets.
|When did the Bolsheviks attack the Winter Palace in Petrograd leading to the surrender of the Provisional Government?
|7th November 1917
|What happened early on 8th November 1917?
|Lenin announced to the All-Russian Congress of Soviets that the Bolsheviks had taken over the government of Russia from the Provisional Government.
|In the following weeks after the Bolshevik take over of the Russian government from the Provisional Government, what happened?
|The Bolsheviks gained control in various other cities, including Moscow.
|What did the Bolsheviks do once they were in power?
|They established what they called a communist government and then started providing their version of what had happened.
|What was the Bolshevik version of what had happened in the uprising?
|They described how the workers had supported the Bolsheviks in getting rid of the tyrants - first the Tsar and then the Provisional Government.
|How did the Bolsheviks provide their version of what had happened in the uprising?
|It was reflected in literature, paintings and music.
|What did Lenin and Trotsky see the importance of (after the Bolshevik uprising)?
|Why did Lenin and Trotsky see the importance of cinema (after the Bolshevik uprising)?
|There were over 1,000 cinemas in Russia in 1917 (showing silent and black and white films). In addition, using the railway network, there were travelling cinemas. The propaganda films attracted large audiences.
|Why did the (Bolshevik) propaganda films shown at the cinemas attract large audiences?
|They wanted to know what the new communist government was going to do.
|What was the most famous of the Bolshevik propaganda films shown in the cinemas?
|'October', by the Bolshevik film director Sergei Eisenstein in 1927 to mark the 10th anniversary of the revolution.
|In the most famous of the Bolshevik propaganda films, 'October', how was the revolution portrayed?
|The takeover of the Winter Palace was transformed into a heroic struggle between the Bolsheviks and their enemies - the Storming of the Winter Palace.