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GavinC Chpt 19, 20,


Free Enterprise System an economy in which private citizens own businesses
What do most immigrants have in common, no matter where they are from? They came to the US for a better life.
Civil Service refers to all federal jobs (except elected positions and the armed services), one must take an exam, and only those with the highest scores are qualified to get the jobs - helped to stop the spoils system and patronage
Strikes used by unions to win their demands from employers, such as better working conditions, higher wages, etc.
Purpose of Skyscrapers they were built due to the lack of space in downtown city areas
Name & Describe the Progressive Amendments 16th - gave Congress the power to impose an income tax; 17th - called for the direct election of senators to Congress
Mass Production produce large amounts of goods quickly and cheaply
Push Factors the conditions that push people to leave their homelands to permanently settle in a new country, for example, famine or religious persecution
Spoils System practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs - this practice led to corruption & later Congress established the Civil Service commission in 1883 to end this corruption
Trust a group of corporations run by a single board or directors - often very powerful, eliminating their competition, and seen as corrupting the government
Growth of the Cities grew fast in the 1800’s due to industrialization and the flood of immigrants who took up residence - men came looking for jobs
T.R. was a Progressive. What did the Progressives want? They wanted public interest, or the good of the people, to guide government actions
Corporation a business that is owned by investors who buy shares of stock
Monopoly a company that controls all or nearly all the business of an industry
Pull Factors the conditions that attract people to leave their homeland to settle in a new country, for example for freedom of speech or better jobs
Melting Pot vs. Multiculturalism Melting Pot - the belief that the US should accept immigrants and the immigrants should assimilate or adopt the American culture and customs Multiculturalism - belief that the US has a variety of cultures, each is unique and welcomed
Assimilation the process of becoming part of another culture, immigrant children often found it easier to adapt to a new culture and customs than did adult immigrants
Ethnic Group a group of people who share a common culture, often associated with groups of immigrants living together in the same sections of a city
Old vs. New Immigration Old were Northwestern European immigrants - earlier 1800’s New were Southern and Eastern Europeans and Asian immigrants - later 1800’s
Muckrakers reporters and journalists who reported on corrupt politicians and other problems in society, for example, Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle about the gruesome details of the meatpacking industry- Thomas Nast’s cartoons ruined Boss Tweed
How were Populists & Progressives similar? Both parties supported reforms in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s such as an income tax concerned with public interest
Suffragist a person who campaigned for women’s right to vote such as: Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Carrie Chapman Catt, and Alice Paul
Populist a political party formed in 1891 mostly by farmers & members of labor unions who demanded government help with falling farm prices, regulation of railroad rates, and free silver (more money to be put in circulation)
19th Amendment August 1920 - the amendment to the constitution that gave women the right to vote
Created by: Gavin_Corey



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