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Honors Q4 Review

Honors Quarterly 4 Review 15-16

QuestionAnswer
De Jure/De Facto segregation segregation by law, segregation in practice
SCLC/SNCC/CORE Civil Rights organizations that promoted nonviolent protest.
Martin Luther King Jr/Malcolm X Civil Rights leaders who disagreed about the approach to civil rights for African Americans. MLK-nonviolence & integration/Malcolm X-armed self defense & separatism
Jim Crow Laws Laws in southern states that discriminated against AA and led to racial segregation after the Civil War.
MAD—Mutual Assured Destruction The surety that the use of nuclear bombs by either the US or USSR would result in massive retaliation acted as a deterrent because the entire world could be destroyed.
Domino Theory The belief in the US government that if one country fell to communism so would the surrounding nations.
Election of 1960 With the first time televised presidential debates, the outcome of the election weighed heavily on public image and the media.
Appeal of Kennedy as a presidential candidate Kennedy's image represented a fresh, new, and youthful approach to foreign and domestic policy.
The New Frontier Kennedy’s programs for his administration that focused on the economy, poverty, space.
Bay of Pigs The failed invasion of Cuba by CIA trained Cuban exiles hurt the reputation of the US and Kennedy.
Flexible Response Kennedy’s strategy to rely on conventional warfare to deal with conflicts around the world rather than only on MAD or nuclear weapons. JFK focused on the use of conventional weapons. However, he still wanted to maintain nuclear parity with the Soviets.
Cuban Missile Crisis The face off between Khrushchev and Kennedy over missiles in Cuba.
Johnson’s legislative record Johnson had years of experience in Congress and was known for the "Johnson treatment". He was a strong and successful legislative leader as compared to Kennedy
Great Society LBJ's program which focused on the War on Poverty and Civil Rights. This most benefited minorities and the poor.
War on Poverty LBJ programs focus on providing assistance to minorities and the poor.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Congress granted LBJ the power he needed to escalate military action in Vietnam.
Vietnam War US led attempt to stop Ho Chi Minh, Vietminh and the Vietcong from spreading communism to South Vietnam.
TV’s impact on the Vietnam War Television became a cultural and political phenomenon in the 1950s and 1960s. The brutality of the Vietnam War was brought into people’s living rooms and this contributed to growing anti war sentiment.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 This act ended discrimination and segregation in public places.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 This act helped overcome discrimination against the disabled
Feminist movement of the 1960s & 1970s Using the example of the Civil Rights movement, women engaged public demonstrations and protests to draw attention to their goals for equality.
Pentagon Papers A report leaked to the public that revealed US involvement in Vietnam dating back to Truman. The public realized that the government had been lying about its role in Vietnam for decades.
Nixon in China Deft diplomatic skill by Nixon, led to the opening up of relations with communist China.
Détente Nixon's foreign policy strategy crafted by Henry Kissinger which led to the easing of tensions with the Soviet Union. It involved accepting the existence of communism and working with those countries.
Watergate A cover-up of a failed break-in to the Democratic National Committee Headquarters that was revealed in tapes made by Nixon. Public knowledge of the breakdown led to increased government distust.
Russian invasion of Afghanistan Russia’s Vietnam, led to US boycott of 1980 Olympics, the US supported Osama Bin Laden as he fought the Soviets.
Camp David Accords Carter’s negotiated peace agreement between Israel and Egypt. It was the first of its kind in the Middle East.
Ronald Reagan’s economic policies Reagan lowered taxes on corporations and individuals adding millions to the deficit in the hopes of growing the economy.
Reagan and Nicaragua Contras Secretly provided support to anti government forces in Nicaragua. The administration violated the agreement not to trade "arms for hostages". It did so in the Middle East and used the money to fund the Contras against the will of Congress.
Significance of the fall of the Berlin Wall The falling of the Berlin Wall led to the reunification of Germany. It marked the end of the Cold War as other satellite nations turned away from communism.
9/11 The attack on the US by Islamic terrorists
War on Terror During the G. W. Bush presidency wars in Afghanistan and Iraq are initiated to fight the spread and support of terrorism.
War Powers Act 1973-- Congress limited the power of the president as commander in chief. Required 48 hours notice when troops are sent and deployment was limited to 90 days after which time Congress would have to approve the use of troops.
Created by: wohsstudent