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Latin America

Pampas Vast grassy plains of southern South America, especially in Argentina
Why do people sometimes support dictators? The dictators promise to restore stability
Augusto Pinochet President of Chile between 1973 and 1990, ruling as a dictator after overthrowing president Allende in a coup
Social Darwinism Belief that “superior” races/groups have a right to control “weaker” populations
Patriarchal Society were men hold the greatest legal and moral authority
Herman Cortes Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico
Francisco Pizarro Spanish conquistador known for conquering Peru's Inca Empire and founding the city of Lima in 1535
Aztecs Extensive road system, government bureaucracy, engineering, decimal system, state-controlled economy
Incas City planning, engineering, streets, temples, government buildings, calendar
Diseases brought from Spain to Latin America Small pox, measles, mumps, typhus, syphilis, plague, chicken pox, cholera, malaria
What famous Incan city’s ruins are located on top of a mountain in the Andes? Machu Picchu
Why did Spain bring African slaves to the Americas? Labor, and sugar cane fields
Monroe Doctrine U.S. policy of opposition to European interference in Latin America, announced by President James Monroe in 1823
Mercantilism "Mother countries” extracting raw materials/natural resources from their colonies in other countries
Columbian Exchange Biological exchanges between the New and Old Worlds, of plants, animals, diseases and technology
Things Exported from the New World Turkeys, pumpkin, squash, and tobacco
Things Exported from the Old World Chickens, cows, bananas, coffee, and disease
Social Classes in Spanish Colonial Period Peninsulares, Creoles, Mulattoes, and African Americans
American Revolution (1775-1783)
French Revolution (1789 – 1799)
Who was the nationalist/independence leader who had a vision to create “Gran Colombia Simón Bolívar
Economic Imperialism One country having economic control over another country
Fidel Castro Revolutionary socialist who took control of Cuba
After living under dictatorships many countries in Latin America turned to Democracy
Geographic features that caused Latin America to remain isolated for many years Andes Mountains, and rain forest
Treaty of Tordesillas 1494 The Pope declared that Portugal and Spain would divide the territory in the newly ‘discovered’ Americas
Encomienda System Spanish landlords received large parcels of land natives who lived on this land were forced to work for them
Rebellions that inspired Latin America for freedom French Revolution, American Revolution
Created by: ccdpittsford



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