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History 8

Unfinished Nation

The first state to secede from the Union, in 1860, was South Carolina
In 1860 and 1861, President James Buchanan asserted That the federal government had no authority to stop a state from seceding from the Union
The Confederate States of America was formed After Texas seceded from the Union
The Crittenden Compromise found its greatest support in Southern senators
On April 14, 1861, Fort Sumter surrendered after Confederate forces bombarded it
All of the following slave states remained in the Union Except Arkansas
At the start of the Civil War, the North had a much more substantial economy.
The 1862 Morrill Land Grant Act was designed to help Education
Which of the following federally-chartered corporations did the Union create to build the transcontinental railroad? Union Pacific and Central Pacific
Taxes enacted by the United States Congress to help finance the Civil War Included a new income tax
During the Civil War, "greenbacks" issued by the federal government Fluctuated in value depending on the fortunes of the Northern armies
At the start of the Civil War, the armed forces of the United States Saw many of its soldiers stationed in the West
In 1861, President Abraham Lincoln realized that volunteer state militias Would have to do the bulk of fighting for the Union
The Union's national draft law Resulted in murderous attacks in New York City against free blacks
In his capacity as commander in chief, President Abraham Lincoln Increased the size of the army without the approval of Congress
"Copperheads" were Sometimes arrested on the order of President Lincoln
In the election of 1864, President Abraham Lincoln Faced a Democratic opponent who was a former Union general
All of the following were "Radical Republicans" EXCEPT Abraham Lincoln
The Confiscation Act of 1861 Declared that slaves used by Confederate states in the war effort were free.
In the Emancipation Proclamation, President Abraham Lincoln declared freedom for slaves in the parts of the Confederacy still in rebellion.
African American soldiers in the Union experienced a higher mortality rate than white soldiers.
The United States Sanitary Commission helped turn nursing into a female-dominated profession.
Politically, the Confederate constitution was almost identical in many respects to the Constitution of the United States.
Prior to becoming president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis had been regarded as a moderate on secession.
Which of the following is true of Jefferson Davis's leadership? Davis attempted to strategize, make, and control all military decisions personally.
In the Confederacy during the Civil War, many Southerners resisted efforts by the Davis government to exert its authority.
The Confederacy financed its war effort primarily through Printing money
Between 1861 and 1864, the cost of goods in the Confederacy rose by 9,000 percent
In the Confederacy, a military draft aroused opposition from poorer whites for its expensive substitute policy.
The wartime South saw a significant decline in the production of goods.
In the South in 1865, as a result of the Civil War, there were more women than men in some states.
The most important Union military commander was Abraham Lincoln
President Abraham Lincoln believed the main objective of the Union armies was to Destroy Confederate armies
General Ulysses S. Grant thought the main Union effort should target enemy armies and resources.
Which of the following statements about George B. McClellan is FALSE? He originally served as commander of the Army of Northern Virginia.
The Union's Committee on the Conduct of the War greatly interfered with the military chain of command and the conduct of the war.
As president, Jefferson Davis made clear to General Lee that he wanted to make all the basic war decisions.
In the Civil War, at lower levels of military command, amateur officers played important roles in both the Union and Confederate armies.
In naval warfare during the Civil War, both the Union and Confederate militarizes developed ironclads.
As a supporter of land operations, the Union naval presence was particularly important on the western rivers.
In the course of the Civil War, popular support for the Union was strong in England.
In 1861, the so-called Trent affair created an international diplomatic crisis for Abraham Lincoln.
In the Civil War, the number of deaths for every 100,000 of the population was 2,000
During the Civil War, as a result of new technology in weapons, organized infantry did not fight in formation.
Which of the following technologies was used, but did not play a major part in, the Civil War? submarines
During the Civil War, railroad transportation in some ways acted to limit the mobility of armies.
The U.S. Military Telegraph Corps was headed by Thomas Scott and what future tycoon? Andrew Carnegie
In 1861, the First Battle of Manassas was a victory for the Confederates.
The state admitted to the Union during the Civil War was West Virginia.
A major federal victory occurred in April 1862 when Union troops captured the city of New Orleans.
By the end of 1862, Union forces All of these answers are correct
The Peninsular campaign in 1862 was an example of General McClellan's conservative approach to battle.
The Battle of Antietam in 1862 led President Abraham Lincoln to remove George McClellan from command.
The prominent commander who was wounded in the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863 and subsequently died from pneumonia was Thomas Jackson.
The Battle of Vicksburg in 1863 allowed the North to split the Confederacy in two.
As the Battle of Vicksburg was ending, another major battle was taking place in Gettysburg.
The Battle of Gettysburg represented the last time Confederate forces seriously threatened Union territory.
In the Battle of Gettysburg, in order to reach dug-in Union forces, General George Pickett's division had to cross Open country
General Grant's Union forces attacked General Lee's Confederate forces in the month-long Wilderness Campaing
In 1864, General William T. Sherman's "March to the Sea" was designed in part to demoralize Southerners.
Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House after Lee recognized the futility of continued fighting.
During the first half of the 19th century, the "cotton kingdom" Was the dominant source of income for the Lower South
By the time of the civil war, cotton constituted nearly how much of the total export trade of the United States Two-thirds
Which of the following statements about the Southern aristocratic ideas is false Wealthy southern whites prided themselves on their egalitarianism
The single strongest unifying factor of the pre-civil war southern whites was their perception of white racial superiority
Which of the following statements regarding slave life is true After 1808, the proportion of blacks to whites in the nation steadily declined
The most common form of resistance of slavery was Subtle defiance
which of the following is true of american slave families in the antebellum south? up to one third of families were broken apart by the sale of family members
the primary goal of the 1840's experiment known as brook farm was: to permit all individuals to realize their full potential as individual beings
one of the most enduring of the pre-civil war Utopian colonies was: Oneida
the Massachusetts reformer who built a national movement for new methods of treating the mentally ill was: Dorothea Dix
In the early 19th century, the American Colonization Society: was founded by white Virginians opposed to slavery
The southern failure to create a flourishing commercial or industrial economy was in part the result of a set of values distinctive to the South that discouraged the growth of cities and industry.
The most important economic development in the mid-nineteenth-century South was the shift of economic power from the "upper South" to the "lower South."
The expansion of southern agriculture from 1820 to 1860 was due to the expanded cultivation of short-staple cotton in the Black Belt.
The South in 1860, in contrast to 1800, had become increasingly unlike the North and increasingly sensitive to criticism.
A minority of southern whites owned slaves, but the slave-holding planters exercised power and influence far in excess of their numbers.
The South had a "colonial" economy in that it produced raw materials and purchased finished products.
According to the "cavalier" image, southern planters were genteel aristocrats
The southern concept of honor resulted in the adoption of an elaborate code of chivalry.
Most southern white "ladies" were relatively isolated from people outside their own families.
The typical white southerner was a modest yeoman farmer
Although most whites did not own slaves, most supported the plantation system because it controlled the slaves, they had economic ties to it, slaveholder and non-slaveholder were often related, and they identified with fierce regional loyalties.
The slave codes of the southern states contained rigid provisions but were unevenly enforced.
Slaves seemed to prefer to live on larger plantations because they had more opportunities for privacy and for a social world of their own.
Which of the following statements about southern slavery is true? The majority of slave-owners were small farmers, but the majority of slaves lived on plantations of medium or large size.
Slaves used music primarily as a means of expressing their dreams and frustrations.
African American religion sometimes combined Christianity with traditional African religions.
The historical debate over the nature of plantation slavery demonstrates the extent to which historians are influenced by the times in which they write.
In The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom (1976), Herbert Gutman argues that the black family survived slavery with impressive strength.
The only "successful" slave insurrection in the nineteenth-century South was led by Nat Turner
Black adaptation to slavery produced a rich and complex culture in support of racial pride and unity.
Slave families consistently operated on the model of the "nuclear family."
The reform movements of the first half of the nineteenth century reflected which of the following impulses? an optimistic faith in human nature and a desire for control and order
The most important and popular American painters of the early nineteenth century considered untamed nature the best source of spiritual inspiration.
The first great American novelist was James Fenimore Cooper.
Transcendentalists believed that each individual should strive to "transcend" the limits of intellect and allow emotions to create an "original relation to the universe."
In his essay "Resistance to Civil Government," Henry David Thoreau claimed an individual should reject the artificial constraints of government.
American utopians attracted thousands of followers during the antebellum period.
The Oneida Community believed it liberated women from the demands of male "lust" and from traditional bonds of family
Like other experiments in social organization of this era, Mormonism reflected a belief in human perfectibility.
Evangelical Protestantism added major strength to which of the following reforms? temperance
Each of the following was an example of new ideas about health in this era EXCEPT reforms promulgated by city health boards to cure epidemics.
The emphasis on educational reform was consistent with the spirit of the age because it focused on teaching children the values of order and discipline.
The creation of asylums attempted to rehabilitate "unfit" people into useful citizens.
As women in various reform movements confronted the problems they faced in a male- dominated society, they responded by setting in motion the first important feminist movement.
Which of the following groups was most involved in the feminist movement? Quakers
Educational reformers intended public schools to perform all of the following roles EXCEPT to raise questions and criticisms of authority.
After 1830, which of the following reform movements began to overshadow the others? antislavery
The most noted black abolitionist of the day was Frederick Douglass
Opponents of abolitionism in the North believed all of these: abolitionists were dangerous radicals, and the movement would lead both to a war between the North and South and a great influx of free blacks into the North.
"Immediate abolition gradually accomplished" was the slogan of moderate antislavery forces
Personal liberty laws forbade state officials to assist in the capture and return of runaways.
The movement that advocated keeping slavery out of the territories was known as the free-soil movement.
Throughout the North, black Americans defended their freedom and responded eagerly to the cause of abolitionism.
The creation of "asylums" for social deviants was an effort to reform and rehabilitate the inmates.
Created by: cmpozos
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