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SS Quiz 1

First 25 Terms (23)

Climate The average weather of a place over a 20 to 30 year period
Culture The total way of life of a particular people
Archaeologist A scientist who studies the physical evidence left by an early people
Development of Native American Cultures There were 10 major Native American cultural groups who developed in North America because each group had to survive in 1 of the 10 different environments they found themselves in - different foods available, clothing, shelter, and ways of living
Iroquois The five great Native American nations who united in 1570 in what is now NY
Aztecs, Incas & Mayas In Central and South America, there developed 3 great Native American civilizations had very large populations, great cities, advanced cultures, well-organized governments, specialized skills & jobs
Dates MOST Spanish Colonies established 1500-1550
Reasons Aztecs & Incas were defeated by only a handful of Spaniards had less sophisticated weapons than the Spaniards-scared of Spaniards on horses which the Indians never had seen before-thousands killed or severely weakened by European diseases such as measles and smallpox
Colony A settlement in a new are started with people who permanently left their homeland.
Dates most British Colonies established from 1609 to 1684
Charter A legal document which was granted by the king giving permission to start a new colony- a charter could be granted to a company or sometimes to a person
Bread Basket Colonies A nickname given the Middle Colonies because they grew grains such as wheat that were exported to help feed the people of the New England & Southern Colonies
Toleration A willingness to let others practice their own beliefs which are different than your beliefs without interference from you or others
Apprentice A person who often had to spend up to seven years learning a craft from a master craftsman
Jamestown The first permanent English settlement in the New World (in 1609) and which was started with a charter granted by the King to the Virginia Company
William Penn He started the colony of Pennsylvania with a charter granted him by the king because the king owed Penn's father money. Penn made Pennsylvania a safe haven for Quakers who faced persecution in Britain
Roger Williams He started the colony of Rhode Island which became the first colony granting religious freedom in the New World
James Oglethorpe He started the colony of Georgia as a buffer between the 13 English Colonies & Spanish Florida with the convicts (debtors) from British prisons.
Lord Baltimore He started the colony of Maryland as a safe haven for Roman Catholics
Economy of the Southern Colonies Based on plantations growing cash crops such as tobacco, rice, and indigo using slave labor
Triangle Trade Routes A series of trade routes developed by New England merchants which made New England wealthy
Middle Passage The horrible trip between Africa and the West Indies for captured blacks in the holds of slave ships where many died of mistreatment
Mayflower Compact 1st agreement for self-government in the English Colonies, signed by the Pilgrims on the Mayflower in 1620, & which established a government based upon majority rule
Created by: MsHarkness



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