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History 4

US History - Chapters 1-4

QuestionAnswer
Which of the following was not a civilization of South and Central America and Mexico? Iroquois
In what modern country were the Incas primarily located? Peru
Which of the following was not an element of Mayan culture prior to Columbus's arrival? Horseback riding
What was the capital of the Aztec empire? Tenochtitlan
Which of the following did not play a major role in the growing interest in overseas exploration among Europeans? Consolidation of Holy Roman Empire
Approximately what percentage of the European population perished in the Black Death (bubonic plague)? One third
Which of the following nations was the original preeminent maritime power of the fifteenth century? Portugal
Which of the following explorers did not sail under the flag of Portugal Francisco Pizarro
Where did Columbus first land in 1492? The Bahamas
Who established a lasting reputation as the most brutal of the Spanish conquistadores? Hernando Cortes
What were the Spanish licenses, given to exact labor and tribute from native peoples in specific areas called? Encomiendas
What percentage of Hispaniola natives perished in the first years after European contact? 95%
Which of the following was not an American food introduced in the Old World after European contact? Bananas
Which cash crop resulted in the rapid expansion of the African slave trade in the sixteenth century? Sugar
Which of the following is not a tenet of mercantilism? A nation should export as much wealth as possible
Which of the following statements about French New World exploration is true? French traders often assimilated into Indian culture
In London, the initial promoters of Jamestown encouraged colonists to focus on The search for gold
The cultivation of tobacco around Jamestown resulted in all the following EXCEPT Improved relations with the local Indians
Which of the following statements best characterizes the first years of Jamestown's existence? The settlement survived despite an enormous loss of life
When the House of Burgesses was created in Virginia in 1619, Colonists were given a share of local political representation
Warfare between Englishmen and Powhatan Indians in Virginia Included an Indian attach on Jamestown which killed hundreds of colonists.
The Virginia Company Had its charter revoked by James I.
Bacon's Rebellion Was a conflict between eastern and western Virginia
The suppression of Bacon's Rebellion helped spur Slavery in Virginia
During its first year in North America, the Plymouth colony Survived in large due to assistance from Indians
Compared to King James I., King Charles I.'s treatment of Puritans Was more hostile
The Puritan merchants who founded the Massachusetts Bay Company Carried out the largest single migration in the seventeenth century
The Puritan founders in Massachusetts who described their colony as a "shining city upon a hill" Felt they were creating a holy community that would be a model for the world
When it was established in 1644, the colony of Rhode Island Was notable for its religious toleration
Over time in the seventeenth century, an increasing number of New England Puritans came to view Indian society With fear and contempt
The Fundamental Constitution for a Carolina colony Was influenced by the English philosopher John Locke
The development of the Carolina colony was notable in the Northern and southern regions were economically and socially distinct from each other
The New York colony Emerged after a struggle between the English and the Dutch
Like New York, the New Jersey colony Had great ethnic and religious diversity
Unlike Puritans, the Quakers Rejected the doctrine of original sin
William Penn Was a man of great wealth who converted to Quakerism.
The English colonial settlement in the Caribbean Concluded it was cheaper to buy new African slaves than to protect those they owned.
What social institution did Europeans in the Caribbean share with their counterparts in North America? Slavery
Regarding the origins of slavery in the North American English colonies Many colonies gradually embraced slavery as a solution to their labor troubles
By 1700, the Spanish colonies north of Mexico Added little economic value to the Spanish Empire.
Originally, the Georgia colony excluded Both free blacks and slaves
Which of the following statement regarding the Navigation Acts (1660s) is FALSE? English colonies could only produce products that were also sold in England
The English Parliament enacted in the Navigation Acts primarily to benefit British business and merchants
The Dominion of New England Called for a single royal governor
The Glorious Revolution of 1688-1689 Saw an English king, James II., flee to the European continent
Which of the following is not true about the colonial practice of indentured servitude? Three-fourths of Chesapeake indentures were women.
Which of the following did not play a role in the decline of indentured servitude in 1670s? Soil exhaustion in the Chesapeake tidewater regions.
Which of the following is not true of colonial demographics? The white mortality rate in the Chesapeake was higher than that of blacks
How often did the average wife in the Chesapeake become pregnant? Every two years
Which of the following is not true of New England family life? Women played a minor role in the agricultural economy.
Between 1700 and 1760, the number of Africans in the colonies Increased tenfold
Who were the most numerous free non-English immigrants to the colonies in the eighteenth century? Scotch-Irish
Approximately how large was the non-Indian population of the colonies by 1775? 2 million
What crop served as the economic staple of early South Carolina and Georgia? Rice
Who was responsible for introducing indigo to the South Carolina economy? Eliza Lucas
What was the largest industrial enterprise anywhere in the English North American colonies? Hasenclever Ironworks
Which of the following was not an impediment to early colonial commerce? Aversion of speculation
Which of the following was not a central resource included in the "triangular" trade? Tobacco
Which of the following was not a consequence of the rise of consumerism? A domestic consumer goods industry thrived in the colonies
Which of the following is not true of slavery in the colonial era? Whites often encouraged formal slave marriages to cement stability.
Which of the following is not true of Puritan life? Puritans followed the practice of primogeniture, passing all inherited property to the first-born son
What was the largest city of the colonial era? Philadelphia
Which of the following was not a New Light evangelist of the Great Awakening? Cotton Mather
Which of the following experimented with smallpox inoculation? Cotton Mather
Who was the defendant in the 1734-1735 New York trial which removed some restrictions on the freedom of the press? John Peter Zenger
In the years after the Glorious Revolution, political power in England increasingly shifted toward Parliament.
During the first half of the eighteenth century, England's administration of the colonies Was loose, decentralized, and inefficient.
The proposed Albany Plan of 1754 Revealed the difficulties colonies had in cooperating with each other
During the eighteenth century, in North America, the French differed from the English in Indian relation in that the French Were more tolerant of Indian cultures
Through the first half of the eighteenth century, the Iroquois confederacy formed agreements and traded with Both France and England at the same time.
Created by: cmpozos