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CH 1-9

The institution that creates and implements policies and laws that guide the conduct of the nation and its citizens is called government
Public goods include clean air, clean water, highways
The economic system in which the means of producing wealth are privately owned and operated to produce profits is capitalism
Emphasizing the importance of conserving tradition and of relying on community and family as mechanisms of continuity in society is known as conservatism
Citizens' belief that they have the ability to achieve something desirable and that the government listens to them is called efficacy
A system in which citizens elect representatives who decide policies on behalf of the constituents is referred to as indirect democracy and a representative democracy
A belief by the people that a government's exercise of power is right and proper is legitimacy
The principle that the standards that govern human behavior are derived from the nature of humans themselves and can be applied universally is called natural law
An agreement b/w the people and their leaders in which the people agree to give up some liberties so that other liberties are protected is called a social contract
A form of government that essentially controls every aspect of people's lives is totalitarianism
Civic engagement is individual and collective actions designed to identify and address issues of public concern
Majority rule is the idea that in a democracy, only policies with 50% plus one vote are enacted
Public goods are services governments provide that are available to everyone
A form of government that is structured by law, and in which the power of government is limited, is called constitutionalism
According to the Declaration of Independence, the natural, unalienable rights include all of the following except property
The existence of 3 branches of government, each responsible for a different primary governing function, is the implementation of the foundational organizational structure called separation of powers
Marbury v Madison is a landmark case because it clarified the courts' judicial review authority
Ratification of an amendment to the US Constitution requires approval of three-quarters of the state legislatures or special conventions
All of the following were authors of the Federalist Papers except the Anti-Federalist Thomas Jefferson
The document grounded in social contract theory and stating that citizens have an obligation to replace their government if it is not serving them and protecting their unalienable rights, is the Declaration of Independence
At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates devoted the bulk of their time to resolving the issue of representation in the national legislature
The ultimate authority to interpret the meaning of constitutional language, and hence to decide what is the supreme law of the land, is held by the majority of justices on the US Supreme Court
The required nine states ratified the Constitution of the US in 1788
One check that the Senate has on both the executive branch and the judicial branch is its power of advice and consent
Currently there are ____ amendments to the U.S Constitution, and the last amendment was added in the year ________, 203 years after it was sent to the states for ratification 27, 1992
The United States' first constitution was the Articles of Confederation
Mary Otis Warren wrote a pamphlet that summarized the Anti Federalist position in the debate leading to ratification of the Constitiution
The characteristic that distinguishes a federal system of government from both a unitary and a confederal system is dual sovereignty
The power to make policy, raise money, establish courts, and implement policy, which are basic functions of the gov, are examples of concurrent powers
The necessary and proper clause of the Constitution establishes the implied powers of the national gov
The authority to coin and regulate money are examples of enumerated powers
The Supreme Court used implied powers to confirm the national gov's authority to establish a national band, and applied the national supremacy clause to deny state authority to tax branches of the national bank in the case of McCulloch v Maryland
The state-to-state obligations detailed in the Constitution create state-to-state relationships known as horizontal federalism
The current debate over states' recognizing same-sex marriage contracts from other states may everntiually for the Supremem Court to interpret the Article IV clause that concerns full faith and credit
The powers that the 10th Amendment to the Constitution establishes are the reserved powers
Political scientists label today's federalism conflicted federalism
National block grants provide state governemtns with the most discretion over their policy actions
Created by: mlahaie1027



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