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Ch 11: Human Geo

Socials 11

Demography the study of population numbers, distribution, trends and issues
Census the process of data about all people living in a particular area
Developed Country a country with a highly develops economy and infrastructure and high living standards
Developing Country a country with a less sophisticated economy and lower standard of living than developed countries
Birth Rate number of births per 1000 people a year (births/1000)
Death Rate number of deaths per 1000 people a year (deaths/1000)
Immigration Rate the number of immigrants per 1000 people a year
Emigration Rate the number of emigrants per 1000 people a year
Natural Increase the rate at which a population increases or decreases (birth rate - death rate)
Exponential Rate a rate of population growth as each generation doubles in size
Rule of 70 the time it takes a country to double its population (70/country's growth rate)
Double Time the number of years it takes a country to double its population at its current growth rate
Net Migration immigration rate - emigration rate
Population Growth Rate the rate at which a country's population increases or decreases (natural increase + net migration)
Demographic Transition Model a model that shows the changes in a population's birth and death rates and grows based on technological development
Mortality deaths in a population
Family Planning the concept of limiting the size of families
Total Fertility Rate the average number of children born over the lifetime of a typical woman
One-Child policty a policy adopted by China to control population growth
Population Pyramid a bar graph that shows the age and gender structure of a population
Age Cohort an age group in a population
Dependency Ratio the proportion of the population that is being supported by the working age group (under 15, over 65)
Accreditation recognition of meeting an official standard
Population Distribution the pattern where people live in an area
Population Density the number of people living in a given area (population/area)
Stage 1 Pre-Transition: high birth rates and high death rates result in small population growth
Stage 2 Early Transition: death rates decrease and birth rates remain high so there is a rapid increase in population numbers
Stage 3 Late Transition: birth rates begin to fall, so population growth begins to decline
Stage 4 Post-Transition: transition is complete, there is a stable population increase with a low birth rate and a low death rate
Stage 5 Declining Population: birth rates drop below death rates
Created by: jakiday
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