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T.1.1. S Institution

TermDefinition
Social Institution a set of organized beliefs and rules that establishes how a society will attempt to meet its basic social needs
Mutual Expectations a condition if our expectations regarding the other people's expectations correlate with their actual expectations towards us.
Individual (n.) a single person, apart from others in a group and become a part of a society; (adj.) meant for just one
Society A community of people who share a common culture
Sanctions something that forces obedience with a law or rule
Roles patterns of behavior that are representative of a person's social status
Checks and Balances A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Executive Branch the branch of government that carries out laws
Legislative Branch the branch of government that makes the laws
Judicial Branch Branch of government that decides if laws are carried out fairly.
Government The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
Religion institution Frequently where society gets its primary beliefs and values, some societies closely link religion and government or education
Education Institution the social institution through which society provides its members with important knowledge, including basic facts, job skills, and cultural norms and values
Economics institutions Organizations created to pursue particular endeavors
Family Institution The oldest and most fundamental institution, handles the bearing and rearing of children.
Legitimate (adj.) lawful. rightful; reasonable, justifiable synonyms - legal, right, proper, genuine antonyms - unlawful, illegal, improper, unauthorized
Sacred things that are set apart from society as extraordinary, inspiring awe, and deserving of reverence; seeing a certain place, object, or experience as special and creating markers that separate it from your day to day life
Rituals A symbolic practice that highlight faith; many religions use certain actions during prayer that symbolize deference to God; Catholics making the sign of the cross before prayer, or Muslims supplicating themselves and facing Mecca, the birthplace of the pr
Profane relating or devoted to that which is not sacred or biblical; secular rather than religious
Conflict Theory due to society's never-ending competition for finite resources. The implication of this theory is that those in possession of wealth and resources will protect and hoard those resources, while those without will do whatever they can to obtain them.
Family groups of people who are related by genetics, marriage, or choice, and who share material, emotional, and economic resources.
Kinship A social bond based on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption
Marriage a legal relationship, usually involving economic cooperation, sexual activity, and childbearing
Nuclear Family a couple and their dependent children, regarded as a basic social unit.
Endogamy marriage within the tribe, caste, or social group
Exogamy marriage outside the tribe, caste, or social group
Extended Family a family that extends beyond the nuclear family, including grandparents, aunts, uncles, and other relatives, who all live nearby or in one household.
Family of Procreation the family group created when one reproduces and within which one rears children
Family of Orientation the family group in which one is born, grows up, and develops life skills
Polygamy marriage to several people at the same time
Monogamy Marriage to only one person at a time
Polyandry a form of marriage in which women have more than one husband
Polygyny a form of marriage in which men have more than one wife
Patrilocality a residential pattern where a married couple lives with or near the husband's family
Matrilocality a residential pattern in which a married couple lives with or near the wife's family
Neolocality a residential pattern in which a married couple lives apart from both sets of parents
Patrilineal relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the father
Matrilineal relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the mother
Function of Family stable satisfaction of sexual needs; procreation and rearing of children; provision of home; socialization; preserves cultural traits; entertaining child; fulfill all the economic needs; exercises social control.
Statuses positions in society that are used to classify individuals
Created by: lorentiusoky
 

 



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