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2016 Global 9 Exam

2016 Global 9 Final Review Packet

Human Climate Climate, or political division
Longitude An imaginary line that circles the Earth at a particular longitude
Nuclear Family The part of a family that includes only the father, mother, and children
Elements of Culture Social Organization, Customs and Traditions, Religion, Language, Arts and Literature, Forms of Government, and Economic Systems
Nuclear Family a family that includes not only parents and children but also other relatives
Extended Family Social Organization, Customs and Traditions, Religion, Language, Arts and Literature, Forms of Government, and Economic Systems
Patriarchal A social system in which family members are related to each other through their fathers
Matriarch A woman who controls a family, group, or government
Democracy A form of government in which people choose leaders by voting and in which everyone is treated equally and has equal rights
Republic A country that is governed by elected representatives and by an elected leader (such as a president) rather than by a king or queen
Dictatorship Country led by a person who rules the country with total authority and often in a cruel or brutal way
Monarchy A country that is ruled by a king or queen
Theocracy A form of government in which a country is ruled by religious leaders
Oligarchy A country that is controlled by a small group of people
Paleolithic Age Tools are made for the first time helping to make lives more easier
Neolithic Age Transition of hunting and gathering lifestyles to one of agriculture and settlement, allowing the ability to support an increasingly large population
Hominid A primate of a family that includes humans and their fossil ancestors
Homosapiens The human species
Early River Valley Civilizations Agricultural settlements as early as 5500 BCE, but the growth of Egypt as a civilization began around 3100 BCE
Sociology The study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society
Political Science The branch of knowledge that deals with systems of government; the analysis of political activity and behavior
Economics The branch of knowledge concerned with the production, consumption, and transfer of wealth
Market Economy Decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are based on market determined supply and demand in a free price system
Command Economy An economy in which production, investment, prices, and incomes are determined centrally by a government
Mixed Economy An economic system combining private and public enterprise
Traditional Economy Traditions, customs, and beliefs shape the goods and the services the economy produces, as well as the rules and manner of their distribution. It's very useful in all countries to provide goods for others
Archeology Study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remain
Anthropology The study of humankind and of human zoology, evolution, and ecology
Geography Study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources, land use, and industries
Cultural Diffusion Spread of cultural beliefs and social activities from one group to another
History Study of past events, particularly in human affairs
Extended Family A family that extends beyond the nuclear family, including grandparents, aunts, uncles, and other relatives, who all live nearby or in one household
Animism The belief in a supernatural power that organizes and animates the material universe
Subsistence Farming Subsistence agriculture is self-sufficiency farming in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their families
African diaspora Refers to the communities throughout the world that have resulted by descent from the movement in historic times of peoples from Africa
Atlantic Slave Trade Biggest deportation in history millions of Africans were torn from their homes, deported to the American continent and sold as slaves
Islam Religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah
Timbuktu City in modern day Mali was a major trading center (primarily for gold and salt) and a center of Islamic learning by the 14th century
Sahara Desert Third largest desert in the world located in Africa
Islam Monotheistic and Abrahamic religion followers read Qur'an religious text considered to be the word of Allāh
Musa I of Mali ruler of Malian Empire which has an estimated net worth of $400 billion richest man of all time
Trans-Saharan Trade Route Connects Africa to Europe popular trade was salt and gold
Slavery in Africa Many African tribes fought one another and prisoners of war were used as slaves someone could be forced into slavery if they did unlawful committing Adultery
Created by: ccdpittsford



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