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2302 Semester Exam

Spring Semester Exam

Causes of WWI Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism.
Ally Powers in WWI Alliance between Britain, Russia,Italy and U.S., and France
Central Powers in WWI Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire
Archduke Franz Ferdinand (crown prince) heir to Austrian throne from 1896: assassinated on June 28, 1914 during good-will mission in Sarajevo, Bosnia (Aus-Hung) by Serbians, sparking WWI.
no man's land A strip of land beween the trenches of opposing armies along the Western Front during WW1
Trench Warfare type of fighting in which both sides dig trenches and attempt to overrun the enemy's trenches
Lusitania American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
Zimmerman Note 1917 - Germany sent this to Mexico instructing an ambassador to convince Mexico to go to war with the U.S. It was intercepted and caused the U.S. to mobilized against Germany, which had proven it was hostile.
Selective Service Act This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft. By the end of WWI, 24.2 had registered; 2.8 had been inducted into the army. Age limit was later changed to 18 to 45.
General John J. Pershing led the American Expeditionary Force; urged that the AEF operate as an independent fighting force, under American command; was made General of the Armies of the United States, which is the highest rank given to an officer
WWI Armistice November 11, 1918 @ 11:00 truce was made
Fourteen Points the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
Treaty of Versailles WWI treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to repair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manufacture any weapons.
League of Nations An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
War-guilt clause In the Treaty of Versailles; declared Germany and Austria-Hungary responsible for WWI; ordered Germany to pay reparation to Allied powers
Schlieffen Plan Plan of attacking and defeating France in the west and rushing east to fight Russia.
Machine Gun The invention of this weapon led to concentration of trench warfare and higher number of casualties
Czar Nicholas II The last Czar of Russia and leader of Russia at the time of WWI
1918 WWI ended in what year
1917 The United States entered the WWI in what year
Monroe Doctrine The United States stayed out of the first part of WW1 because of this doctrine
Nationalism To act in the country's own national interest is what
Russia This country mobilized to help Serbia leading to the start of WW1
1914 What year did WWI begin
20 Million Estimated number of deaths in WW1
Vladimir Lenin Leader of the Bolshevik party during the Russian revolution in 1917
Stalin Who ruled Russia during WWII?
Mussolini Who ruled Italy during WWII?
germany invading poland What started WWII?
Adolf Hitler Who ruled Germany during WWII?
Churchill Who was the leader of Britain during WWII?
Normandy French area was the D-Day landing?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki two Japanese cities where the first 2 atomic bombs dropped?
1945 what is the year that WWII ended
Appeasement type of foreign policy where nations make concessions to an aggressive nation
BlitzKrieg Germany plan to move its troops as fast as possible through Belgium to take France
Pearl Harbor On December 7th, 1941 the Japanese bombed this area bringing the U.S. into WW2
Overlord The official name of the D-Day operation
Russia The German invasion of this country was costly to Hitler because of the harsh winter
1939 The date WWII began
Cold War the ideological conflict between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics during the second half of the 20th century
Iron Curtian Name given the line that separated Western (Free) Europe and Soviet controlled communist East Europe
Superpower an extremely powerful nation
Sphere of Influence an area not within its own borders where the interest of one large nation are considered to be supreme
Communism a final stage of society in Marxist theory in which the state has withered away and economic goods are distributed equitably
Satellite Nation a country that is dominated politically and economically by another nation
Domino Theory a theory that if one nation becomes Communist-controlled the neighboring nations will also become Communist-controlled
Berlin Airlift a 327-day operation in which U.S and British planes flew food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviets blockaded the city in 1948.
Containment the blocking of another nation’s attempt to spread its influence, especially the efforts of the United States to block the spread of Soviet influence during the late 1940s and early 1950s
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) a defensive military alliance formed in 1949 by ten Western European countries, the United States, and Canada
Ballistic Missle a rocket-powered object, often carrying a nuclear warhead, which is shot into the air and hits its ground target after a free fall
United Nations an international peacekeeping organization to which most nations in the world belong, founded in 1945 to promote world peace, security, and economic development
Brinkmanship the practice of threatening an enemy with massive military retaliation for any aggression
Berlin Wall a concrete wall that separated East Berlin and West Berlin from 1961 to 1989, built by the Communist East German government to prevent its citizens from fleeing to the West
Détente The flexible policy, involving a willingness to negotiate and an easing of tensions that was adopted by President Richard Nixon and his adviser Henry Kissinger in their dealings with communist nations
Glastnost the open discussion of social problems that was permitted in the Soviet Union in the 1980s
Mao Zedong Communist leader of China during the Cold War
Created by: jeremyc-12



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