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Road to Civil War

Characteristics of the Northern Economy Manufacturing, Factories, Industry, Urbanization (Cities)
Characteristics of the Southern Economy Agriculture (Cotton & other Cash Crops), Plantations
Issue that divided the North and South: States' Rights The belief that important decisions should left uo to State Governments. Southerners believed that each state should decide the future of slavery in their own state.
Sectionalism Loyalty to a region or state rather than to the nation as a whole
Missouri Compromise (1820) Designed to keep the number of free and slave states equal (Maine admitted as free state/Missouri admitted as slave state)
3 compromises that addressed the conflicts over the extension of slavery into western territories and states Missouri Compromise (1820); Compromise of 1850; Kansas Nebraska Act (1854)
This decision by the Supreme Court stated that slaves are property and therefore not citizens. Dred Scott Decision
Fugitive Slave Law US Marshalls are required to identify and arrest escaped slaves and return them to the South.
City where riots broke out as citizens attempted to interfere with the arrest and African Americans by US Marshals Boston
The idea that the people should vote on the future of slavery within their state/territory reflects the concept of Popular Sovereignty
Radical Reformer who lead violent attacks against pro-slaver settlers Kansas ("Bleeding Kansas") and raided a federal arsenal to steal guns to give to slaves John Brown
When two or more parties reach an agreement by giving up some of their demands (All sides get some, but not everything, of what they want). Compromise
Election of 1860 Winner Abraham Lincoln
Election of 1860 directly causes South Carolina to Secede
The results of the Election of 1860 reflect Division over Slavery
Created by: rbaulch
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