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final exam study gui

U.S history final exam study guide

QuestionAnswer
Who was Francis Perkins and what New Deal legislation was she instrumental in creating? 1st Female Cabinet member. Social Security Act.
List 3 main goals of the New Deal Legislation. Relief for needy, economic recovery, financial reform.
Describe the Agricultural Administration Act (AAA) and its purpose. Raise prices of farm products.
What was the result of the National Industrial Recovery Act? Thrown out by Supreme Court.
What was the “Court Packing Plan” and what was the result of this plan? Reorganize the Supreme Court by adding Justices he wanted. Failed to pass.
What did FDR believe was the first step to recovery? Re establishing trust in the banks.
What was the 100 days? First of his 1st term & 15 laws.
Who wrote the novel Native Son? Richard Wright.
What is the purpose of the Securities Exchange Commission? Regulate stock market.
What did Huey Long want the Federal Government to do? He wanted to Share the wealth.
What were FDR’s 3 goals after taking office? Relief for the needy, economic recovery, and financial reform
What does the FDIC do & what law established it? Insures bank deposits & created by glass stegal act.
What were the Fireside Chats? FDR's radio broadcast to people.
Explain how the 1932 election showed the American people’s frustration with the Republican Party. Hoover was defeated badly by FDR democrats gain 3/4 & senate 2/3.
Explain why liberals were critical of FDR and the New Deal. Believed he didn't do enough in relief & reform.
Why were conservatives critical of FDR and the New Deal? Believed he did to much in relief & reform.
What election was the 1st in which most African Americans supported Democrats? 1936
What were the regulations of the Fair Labor Standards Act? 40 hour work week, minimum wage, child labor.
What did the Social Security Act establish? Old age insurance, unemployment insurance, benefits for the disabled.
How did FDR select his advisors? Shows people who disagreed with him & each other.
What New Deal legislation is the most significant today? Social Security Act
Explain how FDR’s policies helped increase union membership in the U.S.? Wagner act legally recognized unions.
Why were movies important for people living through the Depression? Provided a cheap escape from their troubles.
What form of entertainment did most Americans have in their home? Radio
Who was Huey Long? Former governor of Louisiana and ran against FDR.
What did the Espionage and Sedition Acts do? Imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against US participation in World War I.
What is the significance of Nov 11, 1918? The new German Representative signed an armistice.
What was the Supreme Court’s decision in Plessy v. Ferguson? Providing for separate railway carriages for the white and colored races.
What was the purpose for Jim Crow laws? Mandated separate but equal.
Where did the 1st successful airplane flight take place and when? Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
What is the Tuskegee Institute? A school established for black teachers.
Explain Booker T. Washington’s views on racism. Believed that African Americans had to achieve economic independence before civil rights.
List causes of WWI. Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, nationalism, militarism, imperialism, and Alliances.
What event sparked WWI? When Archduke Ferdinand was Assassinated.
What was required of Germany in the Treaty of Versailles? Hard hand down punishment.
List nations of the Triple Entente. Great Britain, France, Russia, Japan, Italy, U.S, and Australia.
Who was George Custer? Cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars.
What was the Supreme Court’s ruling in Schenck vs. U.S.? The freedom of speech.
Explain the effects of Barbed Wire on the open range. Unfenced, public land; usually for grazing cattle.
What is the purpose of the Selective Service Act? Authorized the federal government to raise a national army for the American entry into World War I through the compulsory enlistment of people.
What caused the Populist Movement? Farmers
What factors led to the industrial boom of the late 1800’s and early 1900’s? Wealth of natural resources, government support for business and a growing urban population.
Describe the regulations of the Pendleton Civil Service Act. The act gave the commission jurisdiction over only 10 percent of federal jobs, though the president could expand the list.
What time period is described as the Gilded Age? 1865-1896
Explain vertical integration. In order to increase efficiency and limit competition.
What was the purpose of the Homestead Act? Helped make land accessible to hundreds of thousands of westward-moving settlers.
Describe the Sherman Anti Trust Act. A law that forbade trusts of combinations in business.
Where was Franz Ferdinand assassinated and who assassinated him? Gavrilo Princip, Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary.
List new technologies of WWI. Poison gas, trench warfare, machine guns, airplanes, submarines, and tanks.
What was the purpose of the Chinese Exclusion Act? Restricted Immigration.
What incident marked the end of conflict between settlers and Natives? Wounded knee.
Describe the Harlem Renaissance. Was an African American cultural movement.
Who was John T Scopes? Violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school.
Describe the Dawes Plan. US loaned money to Germany so Germany could make reparation payments to France and Britain. They would use the money to repay their war loan debt to the US.
What was the Ohio Gang? A group of poker-playing, men that were friends of President Warren Harding.
What did the 18th Amendment do? Ban alcohol.
List all effects of the Great Depression. Unemployment, Factories cut back on production, bank failures.
What is Direct Relief? Money or food given directly from the government to the needy.
What happened on Oct. 29, 1929 and what is it known as? The stock market boom had fell out.
List states affected by the drought of the 1930’s? Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado.
List the 4 Primary causes of the Depression? Banks, federal reserve raising interest rates, debt, and overproduction.
What was FDR the 1st president to do? The first president to use the radio to “talk” to the American people about national affairs.
What happened on Dec. 7, 1941 and what is it known as? The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor.
2 reasons for the rise of Dictators following WWI. Economic dislocations following WWI.
Who were the Tuskegee Airmen? The first African American military aviators in the United States armed forces.
What battle is considered the turning point in the Pacific? The Battle of Midway.
What happened on June 6, 1944? D- Day was the largest invasion by sea in history. The Allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France and began a full assault on the Axis forces.
Describe the impact of WWII on the United States. Japanese-Americans were distrusted after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
What happened at Hiroshima and Nagasaki? The US Air Force dropped two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities.
List lasting results of WWII. Massive human dislocations, extensive casualties.
What quote did Admiral Nimitz give speaking of the Marines on Iwo Jima? On Iwo Jima, the 26th Marines lost 81 percent of its men.
Who was Dwight Eisenhower? He was the U. S. general who led the attack in North Africa in November of 1942.
List promises made by Stalin at the Tehran Conference. Stalin promised to launch a full-scale offensive against the Germans when the Allies invade France. Stalin also promised that once Germany was beaten, the Soviet Union would help the US defeat Japan.
Who was Harry S Truman? Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb.
Which of Hitler’s demands was met with the policy of appeasement by the British and French? Hitler was able to install aggressive militarist policies because he knew he would not meet any opposition from France or Britain.
Describe the Holocaust. Used to refer to the systematic murder of 6 million Jews by the Nazis between 1933 and 1945.
Explain how Hitler rose to power in Germany. He was appointed chancellor.
On whose side did China enter the Korean War? Nationalists
What was the main source of information by the 1960’s? The radio.
What did the Warren Commission include about JFK's assassination? He acted alone.
What was the US’ goal in Vietnam? The US sought to keep the capitalist South Vietnam from being taken over by the communist North Vietnam.
How could one avoid the draft in the early years of Vietnam? He could buy his way out with about $300. He could find someone to take his place or he could run away to avoid conscription.
What was the Star Wars Defense Plan? To develop a sophisticated anti-ballistic missile system in order to prevent missile attacks from other countries.
What was the purpose of Reagan Tax Cuts? To fix the nation's economic mess.
Bill Clinton is the 2nd President in US History to be… Impeached by the house.
The 9/11 Attacks occurred in what 2 places? New York City and Washington, D.C.
Created by: Katwill678