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Civil War Vocab 8

study guide for 8th grade u.s. history civil war vocabulary

TermDefinition
Compromise A way of reaching agreement in which each person or group gives up something that was wanted in order to end an argument or dispute
Democracy a form of government in which people choose leaders by voting ; an organization or situation in which everyone is treated equally and has equal rights
Federalism the distribution of power in an organization (as a government) between a central authority and the constituent units
Historical of or relating to history : based on history : arranged in the order that things happened or came to be
Individual Liberty the liberty of an individual to exercise freely those rights generally accepted as being outside of governmental control.
Institution of Slavery peculiar institution" was a euphemism for slavery and the economic ramifications of it in the American South.
Nationalism a feeling that people have of being loyal to and proud of their country often with the belief that it is better and more important than other countries
Popular Sovereignty a doctrine in political theory that government is created by and subject to the will of the people
Radicalism the opinions and behavior of people who favor extreme changes especially in government : radical political ideas and behavior
Resistance Movements A resistance movement is an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability.
Secession the act of separating from a nation or state and becoming independent
Sectionalism a tendency to be more concerned with the interests of your particular group or region than with the problems and interests of the larger group, country, etc.
Greenback a piece of U.S. paper money
Entrenched to place (someone or something) in a very strong position that cannot easily be changed
States’ Rights all rights not vested by the United States Constitution in the federal government nor forbidden by it to the separate states
Confederate States of America The Confederate States of America, commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was a confederation of secessionist American states existing from 1861 to 1865.
Emancipation to free (someone) from someone else's control or power
Military Leadership process of influencing others to accomplish the mission by providing purpose, direction, and motivation. Command is the authority a person in the military service lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of his rank and assignment or position.
Political Leadership Political leadership is a concept central to understanding political processes and outcomes, yet its definition is elusive.
Total War Another name for the Civil War; the first American war against itself
Turning Point a time when an important change happens
Union an organization of workers formed to protect the rights and interests of its members : an act of joining two or more things together : a group of states or nations that are ruled by one government or that agree to work together
Yankee a person born or living in the U.S.
Ironclad not able to be changed : too strong to be doubted or questioned
Draft a system in which young people are required to join the armed forces of a country for a period of service
Border Ruffians The Border Ruffians were pro-slavery activists from the slave state of Missouri, who in 1854 to 1860 crossed the state border into Kansas Territory, to force the acceptance of slavery there.
Blockade to place a blockade on (a port or country) : to stop people or supplies from entering or leaving (a port or country) especially during a war
Inflation a continual increase in the price of goods and services
Secede to separate from a nation or state and become independent
Abolitionism the act of abolishing slavery
Created by: Kiara Roumayah