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Chapter 15&16 vocab

TermDefinition
Abolitionism Principles or measures fostering abolition especially of slavery.
Compromise A way of reaching agreement in which each person or group gives up something that was wanted in order to end an argument or dispute.
Democracy A form of government in which people choose leaders by voting.
Federalism The distribution of power in an organization as a government between a central authority and the constituent units.
Historical Arranged in the order that things happened or came to be.
Individual Liberty The liberty of those persons who are free from external restraint in the exercise of those rights which are considered to be outside the province of a government to control.
Institution of Slavery Peculiar institution" was a euphemism for slavery and its economic ramifications in the American South. "Peculiar", in this expression, means "one's own", that is, it refers to something distinctive to or characteristic of a particular place or people.
Nationalism A feeling that people have of being loyal to and proud of their country often with the belief that it is better and more important than other countries.
Popular Sovereignty A doctrine in political theory that government is created by and subject to the will of the people.
Radicalism The opinions and behavior of people who favor extreme changes especially in government : radical political ideas and behavior.
Resistance Movements The refusal to accept or comply with something; the attempt to prevent something by action or argument.
Secession The action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state.
Sectionalism Restriction of interest to a narrow sphere; undue concern with local interests or petty distinctions at the expense of general well-being.
Greenback A dollar bill.
Entrenched Firmly established and difficult or unlikely to change; ingrained.
States’ Rights The rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
Confederate States of America The 11 Southern states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Tennessee, Louisiana, and Mississippi) that seceded from the Union in 1861, precipitating a civil war with the North.
Emancipation The fact or process of being set free from legal, social, or political restrictions; liberation.
Military Leadership The process of influencing others to accomplish the mission by providing purpose, direction, and motivation. Command is the authority a person in the military service lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of his rank and assignment or position.
Political Leadership A concept central to understanding political processes and outcomes, yet its definition is elusive. Many disciplines have contributed to the study of leadership, including political theory, history, psychology and management studies.
Total War A war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
Turning Point A time at which a decisive change in a situation occurs, especially one with beneficial results.
Union The action or fact of joining or being joined, especially in a political context.
Yankee A person who lives in, or is from, the US.
Ironclad Covered or protected with iron.
Draft A preliminary version of a piece of writing.
Border Ruffians Pro-slavery activists from the slave state of Missouri, who in 1854 to 1860 crossed the state border into Kansas Territory, to force the acceptance of slavery there.
Blockade An act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.
Inflation The action of inflating something or the condition of being inflated.
Secede Withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization.
Created by: Xoamandajaclyn