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U.S History Final

Civil War, Reconstruction Era, Womens Rights

TermDefinition
Amnesty Pardon
Annual Percentage Rate Total percentage it costs you yearly to use your credit
Border States The states that allowed slavery, but did not originally secede after the election of 1860.
Bureau of Indian Affairs Government agency created to oversee and protect American Indians and Indian tribes.
Capitalism An economic system characterized by private ownership.
Carpetbagger Southerners called a northern Republican who moved to the South following the civil war this.
Chief Joseph Nez Perce leader who, faced with settlement by whites of tribal lands in Oregon, led his followers in dramatic effort to escape to Canada
Civil Service Government work force
Confederacy An association of sovereign states or communities.
Cooperative Group of farmers who pool their money to buy seeds and tools at lower prices
Corporation Business owned by investors
Credit Amount of financial trust (principal) extended to you by owner
Dawes Act A federal law that gave Native Americans 160 acres of land that tried to turn them into farmers, but generally resulted in taking more of reservation land for American settlers.
Debt Amount you owe with an obligation to pay back.
Demographics The scientific study of data involving people.
Draft Mandatory enlistment of people in the military.
Emancipation Release from slavery. Given Freedom.
Exodusters Name given to AFrican Americans who migrated mostly from Southern states during Reconstruction to form communities in the WEst, most often in Kansas.
Geronimo An Apache leader who led his people's defense of their homeland against the military might of the United States and spent the last two decades of his life as a prisoner of war.
Habeas corpus This was suspended during the war so that the government could imprison people without trial.
Homestead Act Several laws that gave ownership of land in the West to people at little or no cost to people willing to live on and improve the land.
Homestead Act A series of laws that gave American settlers plots of land for free if they were willing to farm it.
Impeach After President Johnson tried to fire his Secretary of War, the House of Representatives voted to impeach him.
Inflation Rise in prices and decrease in the value of money.
Interest Payment (rent) you make for the use of another's money.
Laissze Faire The idea that government should stay out of business and let markets regulate themselves.
Little Big Horn Battle in Montana where all the federal troops were killed by Native Americans including Sitting Bull.
Malice Wish or intent to do harm.
Martial Law The Resulted in military commanders taking over occupied towns.
Muckrakers Authors who specialize in exposing corruption in business, government, and elsewhere.
Patent License for a new invention
Patronage The support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that political organizations gave to politicians who supported their group.
Political Machine A party organization, headed by a single boss or small group, that commands enough votes to maintain political and administrative control of a city, county, or state.
Progressives A political party with the idea that principles of science, technology, economic development, and social organization can improve the human condition.
Riot A form of civil disorder usually by a group who create a violent public disturbance against authority, property or people.
Sand Creek Massacre Battle in Colorado where women and children were killed after a promise of protection by American leaders.
Secession The act of withdrawing from the United States.
Share Cropper A share cropper grows a crop on land owned by someone else and gives the landowner part of the annual yield.
Siege Surrounding a city and cutting off its communications, food, and other supplies with an attempt to get people to surrender.
Sitting Bull A Lakota chief and holy man under whom the Lakota tribes united in their struggle or survival on the northern plains. He remained defiant toward American military power and contemptuous of American promises to the end.
Sodbusters Farmer on the great plains in the late 1800s who had to cut through thick grass to reach the soil below
Speculators People who engaging in risky financial transactions in an att
Created by: imcneill
 

 



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