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Ch. 10 section 3

Important people, events and places

TermDefinition
The Era of Good Feelings 1)Monroe was 1816 Republican Presidential Candidate 2) Federalists barely existed 3)Federalists' policies grew popular 4) Support for tariffs & national bank 5) Called the Era of Good Feelings 6) Monroe wore short pants & powdered wigs
The Era of Good Feelings - cont. 7) Monroe toured the country 8) He used his own money on the trip 9) He won reelection in 1820
Sectionalism and the American System 1) Regional differences brought the Era of Good Feelings to an end 2) Westerners, Southerners, Northerners 3) White southerners supported slavery 4) Southerners believed that the federal gov't & Northerners were interfering with slavery
Sectionalism and the American System - cont. 5) regions disagreed on tariffs, a national bank & internal improvements 6) internal improvements - federal, state & privately funded projects
John C. Calhoun 1) supported internal improvements, industry, & a national bank 2) chief supporter of state sovereignty 3) the right of states to govern themselves 4) strong opponent of national programs 5) opposed high tariffs
Daniel Webster 1) elected in 1812 - Congress from New Hampshire 2) Elected from Massachusetts - Representative & Senator 3) at first supported free trading & shipping interests of New England 4) tariff of 1816 supporter 5) supported ideas for strengthening the U.S.
Daniel Webster - cont. 6) great public speaker 7) opponent of sectional interests
Henry Clay 1) The Great Compromiser 2) Speaker of the House 1811 3) represented western states interests 4)tried to resolve sectional disputes
Missouri Compromise 1)sectional tension 1820 2)issue - new states free or slave 3) Missouri & Maine apply for statehood 4)Missouri Compromise March 1820 5)Missouri is a slave state 6)Maine is a free state 7) slavery is banned north of the 36 degree 30' N parallel of L.T.
Missouri Compromise - cont. 8) Southerners against tariff & internal improvements 9) 2nd national bank in 181610) American system - protective tariffs, internal improvements, & a national bank
Gibbons v. Ogden 1) federal gov't has power over interstate commerce 2) increased federal power
McCulloch v. Maryland 1) Maryland taxed the national bank 2) Bank refused to pay the tax 3) went to Supreme Court 4) Maryland had no right to tax the bank 5) Federal gov't has certain powers 6) National bank helps the federal gov't carry out those powers
McCulloch v. Maryland - cont. 7) federal gov't can use any Constitutional means to carry out its powers 8) state gov'ts can not interfer with a federal agency using Constitutional powers
Relations with Britain 1) 1817 Rush- Bagot treaty -limit naval vessels on the Great Lakes 2) Convention of 1818 set the northern boundaries of the U.S. at the 49th parallel 3) Convention of 1818 created a secure & demilitarized border 4) Am. could settle the Oregon Country
Relations with Spain 1)Spain claimed E. & W. Florida 2)U.S. said w. Florida was part of the Louisiana Purchase 3)America added parts of W. Florida to Mississippi & Louisiana 4)Spain did nothing 5)April 1818 Gen Jackson invaded Florida to stop Seminole raids
Relations with Spain - cont. 6) Jackson was not authorized to do raids 7) Secretary of State Adams did nothing about the raid 8) Spain did not want war & wanted to settle the dispute
Adams-Onis Treaty - Mexico Independence 1821 1) U.S. gain E. & W. Florida 2) Spanish got Texas & agreed upon border boundaries 3) U.S. gained a Pacific NW Territory 4) Miguel Hidalgo led the Mexican rebellion 5) Wanted racial equality & land redistribution 6) Spanish defeated him - he was executed
Bolivar and San Martin 1) Bolivar -The Liberator 2) led independence movement for Venezuela, Columbia, Panama, Ecuador, & Bolivia 3) San Martin independence for Chili & Peru 4) 1824 Spain lost most of South America
Monroe Doctrine 1)Quadruple alliance - France, Austria, Russia & Prussia2)Monroe Doctrine statement 3)12/2/1823 U.S. won't interfere with existing European colonies in the Americas4)N. & S. America can't be further colonized 5)Monroe Doctrine important to foreign policy
Created by: mshellabarger