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Civil War Key Terms

Key Terms And Definitions In Chapters 15&16

Chapter 15 Terms Chapter 15 Definitions
Sectionalism An exaggerated loyalty to a particular region of a country
Fugitive Runaway slaves
Secede To leave the United States
Abstain To not cast votes
Popular Sovereignty Allowing the people to decide
Border Ruffians Armed groups of people from Missouri traveling over the border to vote in the election
Arsenal A storage place for weapons and ammunition
Martyr A person who dies for a great cause
Secession To withdraw from the Union
States Rights The rights and powers held by U.S. states rather than by the federal government
Chapter 16 Terms Chapter 16 Definitions
Border States Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware. These states were states who allowed slavery and stayed with the union
Blockade To close southern ports to not allow supplies to reach the south
Offensive To go on the attack
Rebel Confederate Army Soldiers
Yankee Union Army Soldiers
Blockade Runner Confederate ships which could sail out of southern ports
Ironclad A type of ship which was very strong and was nearly indestructible
Casualty People who were killed of wounded
Emancipate To free all enslaved slaves
Ratify When a bill/amendment is passed or approved
Habeas Corpus A right which guarantees accused individuals of the right of trial before being jailed
Draft A law in the south that required all males the age of 18 to 35 to serve in the army for 3 years
Bounty Payments to encourage volunteers
Greenback Northern money which was green hence the name Greenback
Inflation A general increase of prices
Entrenched To set up in a strong position
Total War When the North destroyed everything useful to the South even animals. Sometimes were up to 50 miles wide