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Civil War

for class

TermDefinition
Sectionalism Loyalty to a region.
Fugitive Runaway or trying to run away.
Secede To leave or withdrawal.
Abstain To not take part in some activity, such as voting.
Popular Sovereignty Political theory that government is subject to the will of the people; before the Civil War, the idea that the people living in a territory had the right to decide by voting if slavery would be allowed there.
Border ruffians Missourians who traveled in armed groups to vote in Kansas's election during the mid-1850s.
Arsenal A storage place for weapons and ammunition.
Martyr A person who sacrifices his or her life for a principle or cause.
Secession Withdrawal from the Union.
States Rights Rights and powers independent of the federal government that are reserved for the states by the Constitution; the belief that states' rights supersede federal rights and law.
Border state the states between the North and the South that were divided over whether to stay in the Union or join the Confederacy.
Blockade cut off an area by means of troops or warships to stop supplies or people from coming in or going out; to close off a country's ports.
Offensive Position of attacking or the attack itself.
Rebel Confederate soldier, so called because of opposition to the established gov.
Yankee Union soldier.
Blockade runner Ship that sails into and out of a blockaded area.
Ironclad Armored naval vessel.
Casualty A military person killed, wounded, or captured.
Emancipate To free from slavery.
ratify To give the official approval to.
Habeas corpus guarantees accused individuals the right to a hearing before being jailed.
Draft Law that required men between ages 18 & 35 to serve in the army for 3 years..
Bounty Payment to encourage volunteers.
Greenback A dollar bill (Northern money) was called this because of its color.
Inflation General increase in prices.
Entrenched Set up in a strong position.
Total war Method of waging war where you cut a path of destruction.
Created by: DGreen2020