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civil war

chapter 15-16 vocab

TermDefinition
Sectionalism loyalty to a region
Fugitive a person who has escaped from a place or is in hiding, especially to avoid arrest or persecution (runaway slave)
Secede to leave or withdraw
Abstain to not take part in some, activity, such as voting
Popular Sovereignty political theory that government is subject to the will of people: before the civil war, the idea that people living in a territory had the right to decide by voting if slavery would be allowed there.
Border ruffians were pro-slavery activists from slave states of Missouri, who crossed the state border into Kansas territory, to force the acceptance of slavery there.
Arsenal a collection of weapons and military equipment stored by a country, person, or group
Martyr a person who is killed because of their religious beliefs
secession the withdrawl of eleven southern states from th union in 1860, leading to the civil war
States rights the rights and power held by individual US states rather than by the federal government
Border state any of the slave states that bordered the northern free states during the US Civil War
Blockade an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving
Offensive an attacking military campaign
Rebel rise in opposition or armed resistance to an established government or ruler
Yankee an inhabitant of New England or one of the northern states
Blockade runner a vessel that runs or attempts to run into or out of a blockade port
Ironclad a warship with armor plating
Casualty a person killed or injured in a war or accident
Emancipate free from slavery
Ratify sign or give formal consent to a treaty, contract, or agreement making it officially valid
Habeas corpus a court order requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court
Draft neccessary recruitment for a military service
Bounty a premium reward , especially one offered by the government
Greenback a dollar bill
Inflation a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money
Entrenched an (attitude, habit, or belief) firmly established and difficult or unlikley to change, ingrained
Total war a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war disregarded
Created by: kirsten09