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Civil War

Chapter 15/16 Vocabulary

Sectionalism Loyalty to a Region
Fugitive Runaway or trying to run away
Secede to leave or withdraw
Abstain To not take part in some activity, such as voting
Popular Sovereignty Political theory that government is subject to the will of the people
Border ruffians Missourians who traveled in armed groups to vote in Kansas's election during the mid-1850's
Arsenal A storage place for weapons and ammunition
Martyr A person who sacrifices his or her life for a principal or cause
Secession withdrawal from the union
States Rights Rights and powers independent of the federal government that are reserved for the states by the constitution
Border state The states between the north and the south that were divided over whether to stay in the union or join the confederacy
Blockade Cut off an area by means of troops or warships to stop supplies or people from going out, to close off a country's port's
Offensive The position or attitude of aggression or attack
Rebel A person who refuses allegiance to, resists, or rises in arms against the government or ruler of his or her country
Yankee A native or inhabitant of the united states
Blockade runner A ship or person who passes through a blockade
Ironclad A wooden warship with iron or steel plating
Casualty One who is injured or killed in an accident
Emancipation The act of freeing one from restraint, influence, or the like
Ratify To confirm by expressing consent, approval, or formal sanction
Habeas corpus A writ requiring a person to be brought before a judge or court, especially for investigation of a restraint of the persons liberty's. used as a protection against illegal imprisonment
Draft a selection or drawing of persons, by lot or otherwise, from the general body of the people for military service; levy; conscription.
Bounty a premium or reward, especially one offered by a government
Greenback a U.S. legal-tender note, printed in green on the back since the Civil War, originally issued against the credit of the country
Inflation a persistent, substantial rise in the general level of prices related to an increase in the volume of money and resulting in the loss of value of currency
Entrenched to place in a position of strength; establish firmly or solidly
Total War a war in which every available weapon is used and the nation's full financial resources are devoted
Created by: Thomas Yousif