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Civil War

chapter 15 & 16 vocab

Sectionalism Loyalty to a region
Fugative Runaway or trying to run away
Secede To leave of withdraw
Abstain To not take part in some activity, such as voting
Popular Sovereignty Political theory that government is subject to the will of the people; before the Civil War, the idea that people living in a territory had the right to decide by voting if slavery would be allowed there
Border ruffians Missourians who traveled in armed groups to vote in Kansas`s election during the mid-1850`s
Martyr a person who sacrifices his or her life for a principle or cause
Secession withdrawal from the union
States rights rights and powers independent of the federal government that are reserved for the states by the constitution; the belief that states` rights supersede federal rights and law
Border state slave states that did not secede from the Union. Four slave states never declared a secession: Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri.
Blockade a naval strategy by the United States to prevent the Confederacy from trading.
Offensive a series of maneuvers and battles in East Tennessee and Kentucky in 1862 during the American Civil War.
Rebel one who engages in armed resistance against the established government of one's country. a person who resists authority or convention
Yankee a native or inhabitant of a northern U.S. state, especially of one of the northeastern states that sided with the Union in the American Civil War.
Blockade runner a lighter-weight ship used for evading a naval blockade of a port or strait, as opposed to confronting the blockaders to break the blockade.
Ironclad ironclad had replaced the unarmored ship of the line as the most powerful warship afloat.
Casualty a casualty is a person in service killed in action, killed by disease, disabled by injuries, disabled by psychological trauma, captured, deserted, or missing,
Emancipate set free, especially from legal, social, or political restrictions.
Ratify To ratify a treaty or contract is to officially approve it by signing or voting for it.
Habeas corpus a writ that is used to bring a party who has been criminally convicted in state court into federal court.
Draft a legislation passed by the United States Congress during the American Civil War to provide fresh manpower for the Union Army.
Bounty Bounty jumpers were men who enlisted in the Union or Confederate army during the American Civil War only to collect a bounty and then leave
Greenback paper currency (printed in green on the back) issued by the United States during the American Civil War.
Entrenched to dig trenches for defensive purposes around
Total war warfare that includes any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure as legitimate military targets, and typically involves the use of weapons and tactics that result in significant civilian or other non-combatant casualties
Created by: kyle_osiecki