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Civil war

chapter 15 and 16 vocab

TermDefinition
Sectionalism loyalty to a region
Fugitive runaway or trying to run away
secede to leave or withdraw
abstain to not take part in some activity such as voting
popular sovereignty political theory that government is subject to the will of people. before civil war the idea of people living in a territory had the right to decide by voting if slavery would be allowed there.
border ruffians Missourians who traveled in armed groups to vote in Kansas's election during the mid 1850's
arsenal a storage place for weapons and ammunition
martyr a person who sacrifices his or her life for a principle or cause
secession withdrawal from the union
states rights rights and powers independent of the federal government that are reserved for the states by the constitution the belief that states rights supersede federal rights and law
border state the states between the north and south that were divided over whether to stay in the union or join the confederacy
blockade cut off an area by means of troops or warships to stop supplies or people from coming in or going out to close off a country's ports
offensive position of attacking or the attack its self
rebel confederate soldier so called because of opposition to the established government
yankee union solider
blockade runner ship that sails into and out of a blockaded area
ironclad armored navel vessel
casualty a military person killed wounded or captured
emancipate to free from slavery
ratify to give official approval to
habeas corpus a legal order for an inquiry to determine whether a person has been lawfully imprisoned
Draft the selection of persons for military service
bounty money given as a reward such as to encourage enlistment in the army
greenback a piece of U.S paper money first issued by the north during the Civil War
inflation a continuous rise in the price of goods and services
entrenched occupying a strong defensive position
total war war on all aspects of the enemy's life
Created by: Rhyskopicki