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civil war

chapter 15 & 16 vocab

TermDefinition
Sectionalism loyalty to a region
Fugitive runaway or trying to run away
Secede to leave or withdraw
Abstain to not take part in some activity, such as voting
Popular Sovereignty political theory that government is subject to the will of the people
Border ruffians Missourians who traveled in armed groups to vote in Kansas'selection during the mid-1850s
Arsenal a storage place for weapons and ammunition
Martyr a person who sacrifices his or her life for a principle or cause
Secession withdrawal from the Union
States rights rights and powers independent of the federal government that are reserved for the states by the Constitution
Border state the states between the North and the South that were divided over whether to stay in the Union or join the Confederacy
Blockade cut of an area by means of troops or warships to stop supplies or people from coming in or going out
Offensive position of attacking or the attack itself
Rebel a person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or ruler.
Yankee an inhabitant of New England or one of the northern states
Blockade runner a vessel that runs or attempts to run into or out of a blockaded port
Ironclad a 19th-century warship with armor plating
Casualty a person killed or injured in a war or accident
Emancipate the freeing of people from someone else's control
Ratify sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid
Habeas corpus a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention
Draft A system for selecting young men for compulsory military service, administered in the United States by the Selective Service System. At present the United States relies on a volunteer military and does not have a draft, though young men are required by la
Bounty a premium or reward, especially one offered by a government
Greenback paper currency (printed in green on the back) issued by the United States during the American Civil War. They were in two forms: Demand Notes, issued in 1861–1862, and United States Notes issued in 1862–1865.
Inflation a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money
Entrenched (of an attitude, habit, or belief) firmly established and difficult or unlikely to change; ingrained
Total war a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded
Created by: dhyey