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civil war

chapter 15 and 16

WordDefinition
Sectionalism Loyalty to a region
Fugitive runaway or trying to run away
Secede to leave or withdraw
Abstain to not take part in some activity, such as voting
popular sovereignty political theory that government is subject to the will of the people; before the Civil War, the idea that people living in a territory had the right to decide by voting if slavery would be allowed there
arsenal a storage place for weapons and ammunition
martyr a person who sacrifices his or her life for principle or cause
secession withdrawal from the Union
state's rights right and powers independent of the federal government that are reserved for the states by the Constitution; the belief that states' rights supersede federal rights and law
Border State The States between the North and South that were divided over whether to stay in the Union or to join the Confederacy
Blockade Blockade To cut of an area by means of troops or warships to stop supplies or people from coming in or going out 
Offensive position of attacking or the attack itself
Rebel Confederate solider, so called because of opposition to the established government
Yankee A union soldier
Blockade Runner Ship that sails into and out of a blockaded area
Ironclad Armored naval vessel
Casualty a military person killed, wounded, or captured
Emancipate to free from slavery
Ratify to give official approval
Habeas Corpus a legal order for an inquiry to determine whether a person has been lawfully imprisoned
Draft the selection of persons for required military service
Bounty Money given as a reward, such as to encourage enlistment in the army
Greenback A piece of U.S. paper money first issued by the North during the Civil War
Inflation A continuous rise rise in the price of goods and services 
Entrenched Occupying a strong defensive position
Total War War on all aspects of the enemy's life
border ruffians one of a group of pro slavery Missourians during the period from 1854 until the beginning of the Civil War who used to cross the border into Kansas to vote illegally, make raids, and intimidate the antislavery settlers.
Created by: jackfelder
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