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Civil War Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Sectionalism Loyalty to a region.
Fugitive Runaway or trying to run away.
Secede To leave or withdraw.
Abstain To not take part in some activity, such as voting.
Popular Socereignty Before the Civil War, the idea that people living in a territory had the right to decide by voting if slavery would be allowed there.
Arsenal A storage place for weapons and ammunition.
Martyr A person who sacrifices his or her life for a principle or cause.
Border ruffians Missourians who traveled in armed groups to vote in Kansas's election during the mid-1850s.
Secession Withdrawal from the Union.
States Rights Rights and powers independent of the federal government that are reserved for states by the Constitution, the belief that states rights supersede federal rights and law.
Border State The states between the north and the south that were divided over whether to stay in the union or join the confederacy.
Blockade Cut off an area by means of troops or warships to stop supplies or people from coming in or going out.
Offensive Position of attacking or the attack itself.
Rebel Confederate solider, so called because of opposition to the established government.
Yankee Union soldier.
Blockade runner Ship that sails into and out of a blockaded area.
Ironclad Armored naval vessel.
Casualty A military person killed, wounded or captured.
Emancipate To free from slavery.
Ratify To give official approval to.
Habeas corpus A legal order for for an inquiry to determine whether a person has been lawfully imprisoned.
Draft The selection of people for military service.
Bounty Money given as a reward, such as to encourage enlistment in the army.
Greenback A piece of U.S paper money first issued by the north during the civil war
Inflation A general increase in prices
Entrenched To set up in a strong position.
Total war A war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used.
Created by: jaredk5