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Civil War

Civil war definitions/terms

Sectionalism Lloyalty to the interests of one's own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole
Fugitive Somebody who has escaped slavery
Secede To withdraw
Abstain To choose not to vote, even though you have the right to
Popular sovereignty stems from the concept of the social contract and the idea that government should be for the benefit of its citizens.
Border Ruffians pro-slavery activists from the slave state of Missouri, who in 1854 to 1860 crossed the state border into Kansas Territory, to force the acceptance of slavery there
Arsenal a place of storage containing arms and military equipment for land or naval service
Martyr a person who willingly suffers death rather than renounce his or her religion
Secession the withdrawal from the Union of 11 Southern states in the period 1860–61, which brought on the Civil War
States rights the rights belonging to the various states, especially with reference to the strict interpretation of the Constitution
Border states the slave states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, which refused to secede from the Union in 1860–61
Blockade the isolating, closing off, or surrounding of a place, as a port, harbor, or city, by hostile ships or troops to prevent entrance or exit
Offensive Attacking, rather than defending
Rebel a person who refuses allegiance to, resists, or rises in arms against the government or ruler of his or her country
Yankee a native or inhabitant of the United States
Blockade Runner a ship or person that passes through a blockade
Ironclad covered or cased with iron plates, as a ship for naval warfare; armor-plated
Casualty A death in war
Emancipate to free (a slave) from bondage
Ratify To approve a proposal/law
Habeas Corpus a writ requiring a person to be brought before a judge or court
Draft A system for selecting young men for compulsory military service
Bounty a payment or reward often offered by a group as an incentive for the accomplishment of a task
Greenback paper currency (printed in green on the back) issued by the United States during the American Civil War
Inflation a sustained increase in the general price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time
Entrenched to place in a position of strength
Total War a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
Created by: Marzbarz1118