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Civil War Vocabulary

Chapter 15 and 16 vocabulary

sectionalism loyalty to a region
fugitive someone who is a runaway or is trying to run away
secede to leave
abstian to not take part in an activity, such as vote
popular sovereignty the political theory that government is subject ot the will of the people
arsenal a storage place for weapons and ammunition
martyr a person who sacrifices his or her life for a principal or cause
secession withdrawal from the Union
states' rights rights and powers reserved for the states (rather than the federal government) by the Constitution
border state the states that lay between the North and the South that did not secede from the Union
blockade to cut off an area using troops or warships to stop the passage of supplies or people; to close off a country's ports
offensive the position of attacking of the attack itself
Rebel a Confederate Soldier in the Civil War (named for opposition to the established gov't)
Yankee a Union soldier in the Civil War
blockade runner a ship that sails into and out of a blockaded area
ironclad an armored navy vessel
casualty a military person killed, wounded, or captured
emancipate to free (from slavery)
ratify to give official approval to
habeas corpus a legal order for an inquiry to determine whether a person has been lawfully imprisoned
draft the selection of persons for military service
bounty money given as a reward, such as to encourage enlistment in the army
greenback a piece of U.S. paper money in the Civil War, first issued by the North
inflation a continuous rise in the price of goods and services
entrenched occupying a strong defensive position
total war war on all aspects of the enemy's life
Created by: onelittlecookie