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Ch. 10 section 2

Important people, events, and places

TermDefinition
Moving West 1) line of settlement moved westward 2) 1790 - 4 million people in the U.S. 3)most lived east of the Appalachian Mts. 4)1820 - population 10 million 5) 2 million lived west of the Appalachian Mts. 6) pioneers faced hardships & dangers
Roads and Turnpikes 1) needed good inland roads 2) private companies built toll roads & turnpikes 3) travelers paid fees to help with construction 4) roads had a base of crushed stone 5) "corduroy roads" logs laid side by side 6) Ohio became a state 1803
Roads and Turnpikes - continued 7) 1806 Congress financed a national road, but it took 5 yrs. to decide where it went 8) first section was from Maryland to Wheeling 1818 9) reached through Ohio to Vandalia, IL 10) national road viewed as a military necessity
River Travel 1) more comfortable than wagons 2) could carry larger loads of farm products & goods 3) rivers flowed N & S not E & W 4) traveling upstream was difficult & slow 5) Robert Livingston hired Robert Fulton to develop a high powered steamboat
River Travel - continued 6) 1807 Fulton's steamboat the Clermont was ready 7) the Clermont made 150 mile trip in 32 hours 8)greatly improved travel & shipping 9) shipping goods became cheaper & faster10) regular steamboat service along the Mississippi 1812
River Travel - continued 11) contributed to the growth of Cincinnati & Louisville 12) 1850 - 700 steamboats in the U>S>
Canals 1) river routes - existing river systems 2) De Witt Clinton - wanted to link NYC to Great Lakes 30 Canal linked Albany (on the Hudson River) with Buffalo on lake Erie
Building the Erie Canal 1) Irish immigrants - 363 mile canal 2)locks raise & lowers boats where water levels change 3) diggers were buried when canal beds collapsed 4)others died blasting 5)swamps held insects with diseases 6) took more than 2 yrs. to construct opened 10/26/1825
Improving Canal Travel 1)Erie Canal no steamboats at first 2)steamboats would damage the earthen banks 3) mules & horses pulled barges & boats 4) 2 horse teams pulled 100 ton barge 24 miles a day 5)1840's canal banks were reinforced for steam tugboats
Improving Canal Travel - continued 6)1850's U.S. had 3,600 miles of canals 7) canals lowered the cost of shipping & brought prosperity to towns 8) canals linked regions of the country together
Western Movement 1) moved west in waves 2) began in 1790's 3)4 new states - 1791 - 1803 Ohio, Vermont, KY, Tennessee 4) 2nd wave 1816 - 1821 5 states IN, IL, MS, AL, MO 5) dramatic growth west of the Appalachian Mts. 6) OH population 1800 - 45,000 1820 - 581,000
Western Movement - continued 7)settled by rivers to ship crops & goods 8)canals crisscrossed the land 1820's & 1830's didn't need to live by a river 9)pioneers preferred to settle with people from"home" community 10)MI pioneers from New England 11)families gathered for social events
Western Movement - continued 12) Men wrestling matches/women sewing & quilting parties 13) men & women husk corn 14) Americans continued to move westward
Created by: mshellabarger