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Ancient Rome

vocabulary

TermDefinition
Romulus Legend of the creation of Rome. First king of Rome who killed his brother
Remus Legend of the creation of Rome. Was killed by his brother for making fun of his wall
Aeneas Sailed the Mediterranean Sea after the Greeks captured Troy. Legend says he married a Latin Kings daughter and started Rome
Etruscans One of the two groups that joined Rome's civilization
Etruria Located north of Rome where the Etruscans lived
Tarquins The ruling family was called this
Republic A form of government in which the leader is not a king or queen but someone put in office by citizens with the right to vote
Legions Reorganized into smaller groups called this. A group of approximately 6,000 to 10,000
Sicily An island at the “ toe of the boot” of Italy
Apennines Mountains that run all the way down the length of Italy from north to south
Latium A plain where the Latins built the city of Rome
Patricians Wealthy landowners who made up the ruling class
Plebeians Majority of Rome people, shopkeepers and owners of small farms
Veto Rejection of other decisions
Praetors Important roman official who interpreted laws
Dictator Ruler with complete control
Tiber River Site chosen for the building of Rome. River flows from northern Italy to the mediterranean sea
Carthage- A country on the coast of North Africa, was a powerful enemy of Rome. They had a great navy
Cannae- At this city a battle took place during the Second Punic War. Hannibal defeated the Romans
Zama- A north African area where the Battle of Zama took place. Roman General Scipio defeated the Carthaginians
Cincinnatus- The best known early Roman dictator, led an army of men to defeat a powerful enemy
Scipio- Leader of Roman forces that defeated the Carthaginians at the Battle of Zama
Hannibal- A great Carthaginian general who fought in the Second Punic War
The Twelve Tables- Rome’s first code of laws. The basis for all future code of laws.
Created by: phijusla
 

 



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