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Ch. 10 section 1

Important people, events and places

Growth of Industry 1) Most people lived & worked on farms in the NE 2)factory workers were in short supply 3)Americans developed tools to make jobs easier & more efficient 4) people make cloth & other goods by hand 5) Changes appeared first in Great Britain
Growth of Industry - continued 6) machinery was created that made cloth & spun thread 7) Mills were built along rivers 8) people left farms to work in mills & earn wages 9) Known as the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution in New England 1) took root in 1800 2 )first appeared in New England 3) farming was difficult with rocky soil 4) New England had water power for the machines 5) New England was close to other resources- iron & coal 6) It had ports for shipping
New Technology 1)spinning jenny - spun thread 2)power loom - wove thread into cloth 3)allowed cloth making done by machine 4)saved time & money 5) Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin 6) it quickly & efficiently removes seeds 7) interchangeable parts put together quickly
New Technology - continued 8) made machine repair easier 9) Led to the production of goods on a large scale 10) reduced the price of goods
Patents and Factories 1) passed a law to protect the inventor's rights 2) some British workers brought their knowledge to the U.S. 3) Samuel Slater memorized machine designs 4) he duplicated the designs in making cotton thread 5)Slater's mill advanced the Industrial Revolution
Patents and Factories - continued 6) Francis Lowell improved on Slater's process 7) all stages of cloth making were under one roof
Free Enterprise 1)capital is money invested into a business - hoping to make a profit 2)free enterprise - people can sell, buy & produce anything 3) parts of free enterprise - competition, profit, private property, & economic freedom 4)owners produce what will sell best
Free Enterprise - continued 5) buyer compete to buy the best products at the lowest prices
Agriculture Expands 1)Americans still live & work on farms 2) NE farms were small 3) NE farmers marketed their products locally 4) Southern plantations cotton production grew 5) Textile industries grew in New England & Europe 6) Enslaved people planted, tende & picked cotton
Agriculture Expands - continued 7) cotton gin encouraged planters to raise more cotton 8) cotton gin made it possible to clean cotton faster & cheaper 9)cotton production from 3,000 to 300,000 bales 10 Ohio river farmers raised pork; grew wheat & corn
Economic Independence 1) small investors financed new businesses 2) invested money hoping to make a profit 3) people invested because of low taxes, minimum goverment regulations, & competition
Corporations Develop 1) developed in 1830's when legal obstacles disappeared 2) sold stock - shares of ownership in a company to help finance improvement & development
Cities Come of Age 1) factories & trade led to growth of cities 2) cities were along rivers because of water power & shipping 3) NY, Boston, & Baltimore were centers of commerce & trade 4) Pittsburg, Cincinnati, & Louisville were located on major rivers
Cities Come of Age - continued 5)buildings made of wood & brick, streets & sidewalks unpaved, animals roamed 6)no sewers 7)diseases cholera & yellow fever -present 8)fires were a real danger 9)jobs & wages were opportunities 10)cities along rivers grew 11) libraries, museums in cities
Created by: mshellabarger