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Mrs. Brown

Chapter 18 US History

government subsidies loans and land grants from the government
transcontintental span the continent connecting Atlantic and Pacific coasts
Chisholm Trail San Antonio, Texas to Abilene, Kansas
Vaqueros Hispanic ranch hands in the Spanish Southwest
sodbusters cut sod into bricks to build houses
reservations tracts of land set aside for Native Americans
patents licenses protecting people's rights to make, sell, or use their inventions
coke soft coal with impurities removed, used as fuel for iron smelting
power plant furnished electricity
Alexander Graham Bell telephone
Guglielmo Marconi 1895 transmitted the first radio messages
Henry Ford developed a gasoline powered automobile
Orville and Wilbur Wright 1903 built and tested the first successful engine powered aircraft
capital money
corporation a company that sold shares, or stock, of its business
trust a group of companies managed by the same board of directors
monopoly total control of an industry by one company
labor unions dissatisfied workers organized groups to demand better pay and working conditions
collective bargaining unions represent workers in bargaining with management
strikes refusal to do their jobs until their employers agreed to certain demands
ethnic groups same language and customs
tenements huge apartment buildings
suburbs residential areas that sprang up outside of city centers
initiative allowed citizens to place a measure or issue on the ballot
referendum gave voters the opportunity to accept or reject measures
WWI ended in what year 1918
17th Amendment provided for the direct election of senators
conservation the protection and preservation of natural resources
imperialism a time when powerful European nations as well as Japan created its power overseas
nationalism a feeling of intense loyalty to one's country or group
alliances defense agreements among nations
Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand
propaganda information designed to influence opinion
Bolsheviks group of communists led by Vladimir Lenin
armistice an agreement to end the fighting
Treaty of Versailles treaty ending the war
League of Nations international organization to preserve the peace
reparations payments
communism totalitarian system of government
nativism anti-immigrant feelings
prohibition ban on the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol
21st Amendment repeal of prohibition
Created by: tishabr