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Civil Rights

Terms, people, and events of the Civil Rights Movement

TermDefinition
Civil Rights Rights guaranteed to citizens by their constitution
Tuskegee Airmen Group of African American pilots whose accomplishments helped to integrate the military in 1948
Jackie Robinson African American baseball player who integrated professional sports in 1947
Emmett Till Young African American boy whose murder sparked the Civil Rights Movement
Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court Case that resulted in segregation being legal in 1896 (believed separate facilities for the races was equal)
Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case that resulted in segregation being illegal in 1854 (believed that separate facilities for the races was NOT equal)
Little Rock Nine Group of African American students who integrated Little Rock High School in 1957
Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Supreme Court case that resulted in school systems having to use buses to integrate schools across the nation
Passive Resistance Peacefully protesting a law believed to be unjust by deliberately breaking it
Rosa Parks Woman who refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama
Montgomery Bus Boycott Reaction of African Americans to the arrest of Rosa Parks; they refused to use the public transportation in the city
Sit-Ins Series of protests (most famous one in Greensboro, NC) about African Americans not being served at certain restaurants and businesses
Martin Luther King, Jr. Leader of the Civil Rights Movement who advocated for passive resistance
Stokely Carmichael Follower of Martin Luther King and founder of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Malcom X Civil Rights leader who advocated for more militant, forceful protesting; believed that integration would never work & wanted African Americans to have their own country
Freedom Rides Series of protests across the south about the segregation of interstate buses
Civil Rights Act of 1964 Outlawed discrimination in any form
Voting Rights Act of 1965 Outlawed the use of grandfather clauses and literacy tests to determine who can vote
24th Amendment Outlawed poll taxes (paying to vote)
Black Panther Movement Group of African Americans who were inspired by Malcom X and did not want to use passive resistance to gain civil rights
Freedom Summer Campaign that signed people up to vote after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 24th Amendment were passed
Bloody Sunday 1965 Resulted in the deaths of many African Americans as they marched from Selma to Birmingham, Alabama because they were refused the right to register to vote
Created by: jsimmons2