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US/VA Unit 8 Vocab

The Cold War & Civil Rights Movement

TermDefinition
West Germany Portion of Germany that practiced self-governed democracy after a few years of British, French and American occupation
East Germany Portion of Germany that remained under the domination of the Soviet Union and did not adopt democratic institutions
Marshall Plan Provided massive financial aid to rebuild European economies and prevent the spread of communism
United Nations Formed near the end of WWII to create a body of nations of the world to try to prevent future global wars
Cold War Lasted for nearly 50 years after WWII; characterized by the clash between communism and democracy
United States A democratic country with a free market economy
USSR a totalitarian country with a command/communist economic system
Truman Doctrine Guiding principle of American foreign policy throughout the Cold War, to "contain" communism
NATO Defensive alliance between the US and Western Europe, initially to prevent the spread of communism
Korean War 1950s Asian "war" that reflected the American policy of containing communism
Vietnam War Buildup for this "war" began in 1963 and exploded in the late 1960s and early 1970s
North Korea Korean country that is still communist today
South Korea Korean country that was not occupied by communists
Bay of Pigs Invasion Invasion of Cuba that was an attempt to remove the communist Fidel Castro from power
Cuban Missile Crisis 1962 incident where the world was on the brink of nuclear warfare
McCarthy Senator who accused many Americans of being communists; most of these allegations were false
Hampton Roads Area of Virginia that is home to several large naval and air bases
Northern Virginia Area of Virginia that is home to the Pentagon and numerous private companies with military contracts
John F. Kennedy "Ask not what your country can do for you; Ask what you can do for your country".
Ronald Reagan "Mr Gorbachev, tear down this wall"; President who ended the Cold War
Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision to end school segregation
Thurgood Marshall Leader of the NAACP legal defense team in Brown V. Board
Oliver Hill Leader fo the NAACP legal defense team in Virginia
NAACP Organization that challenged segregation in the courts
Civil Rights Act of 1964 Act that desegregated public accommodations
George H. W. Bush President between 1989-1993; VP to Ronald Reagan and father to a future President
Lyndon B. Johnson VP to JFK who was instrumental in Vietnam War buildup and the "Great Society"
Bill Clinton President from 1993-2001 who orchestrated the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
George W. Bush President during 9/11 and much of the "war on terror"
Created by: moniker124