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STAAR Review

Civil War STAAR Facts Review

TermDefinition
1861-1865 The years the Civil War was fought
Jefferson Davis' Inaugural Address Advised that the South was justified in seceding because the North was not meeting their interests
Lincoln's 1st Inaugural Address Advised that the secession of the South was illegal and that his goal was to preserve the Union
Battle of Fort Sumter The first shots of the Civil War were fired here in South Carolina
Battle of Antietam The single bloodiest day of the war in which both sides suffered heavy losses. Lincoln claims the retreat of Lee's forces a victory and uses it to take action against slavery
Emancipation Proclamation Issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, setting all slaves in the Confederate states free (and giving the North a moral cause to win the war)
Battle of Gettysburg The turning point in the Civil War for the North. The Confederate troops were forced to retreat and never invaded the North again
Battle of Vicksburg The capture of Vicksburg, Mississippi by the North in 1863 effectively split the Confederacy in two and gave control of the Mississippi River to the Union
Gettysburg Address A short speech given by Abraham Lincoln to dedicate a cemetery for soldiers who died at a major battle of the Civil War. It is considered to be a profound statement of American Ideals
Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Address Advised that the war was nearing an end and that the country needed to work on healing its wounds and bringing the South back into the Union
Appomattox Court House The location in Virginia where Robert E. Lee surrendered the Confederate Army to Ulysses S. Grant (Union General) ending the Civil War
Homestead Act Passed in 1862, the law lured thousands of new settlers to the Great Plains by offering free land to anyone who paid a fee and lived there for 5 years
Morrill Act Made it possible for Western states to establish colleges for its citizens
Jefferson Davis The President of the Confederacy during the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln The 16th President of the United States who successfully put the Union back together only to be assassinated 5 days after the Civil War ended
Ulysses S. Grant The General of the Union Army and was responsible for winning the Civil War for the North
Robert E. Lee The General of the Confederate Army
Stonewall Jackson Confederate General who led troops to victory at the Battle of Bull Run
Philip Bazaar Naval seaman from Chile who received the Congressional Medal of Honor during the Civil War
William Carney Member of the Massachusetts 54th Regiment and 1st African American Medal of Honor recipient
Created by: jsherring