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STAAR Review

Antebellum STAAR Facts Review

TermDefinition
Sectionalism A strong sense of loyalty to a state or section instead of to the whole country
State's Rights An argument by southern states claiming that States had the right to nullify (cancel) Federal Laws that were not in their interest
Missouri Compromise of 1820 Settled the issue about slavery in the Louisiana Territory - Missouri was a slave state (Maine a free state) but the rest of the territory was banned from having slaves
Compromise of 1850 Settled the issue of allowing slavery in the Mexican Cession Territory. California would enter as a free state and the rest of the territory would be open for the people to decide (Popular Sovereignty) whether or not to allow slavery
Fugitive Slave Act Part of the Compromise of 1850 that allowed for escaped slaves to be returned to their owners
Underground Railroad System of safe houses where escaped slaves were guided to freedom
Kansas-Nebraska Act Repealed the Missouri Compromise by allowing the people to decide on the issue of slavery for the remaining lands in the Louisiana Territory. It led to the outbreak of violence between slave supporters and anti-slave supporters known as "Bleeding Kansas"
Dred Scott vs Sanford An 1857 Supreme Court decision that ruled slaves were property and not citizens and that Congress could not ban slavery in the territories (Missouri Compromise)
Harper's Ferry Location of a federal arsenal in Virginia that John Brown raided to get weapons to arm the slaves for a rebellion
John C. Calhoun A South Carolina Senator who spoke for the South before and during the Civil War - "Mouth of the South"
Daniel Webster A Senator from Massachusetts who spoke for the North and the preservation of the Union - "Voice of the North"
Henry Clay A powerful Senator from Kentucky, known as the "Great Compromiser", who proposed the American System as well as the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850
John Brown Abolitionist who led the raid on a federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry to get guns for a slave rebellion
Harriet Beecher Stowe Author of the book Uncle Tom's Cabin about the horrors of slavery. It angered Southerners and built up anti-slavery sentiment
Harriet Tubman An escaped slave who became a conductor of the Underground Railroad and helped over 300 slaves escape to freedom
Created by: jsherring