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8th USH Key Events

8th Grade STAAR Review USH Key Events

TermDefinition
Jamestown First successful colony in the New World
1607 Year that Jamestown was founded
Reasons for Exploration Social gains, political to gain new land, religious to spread Christianity, economic looking for gold, spices
Mayflower Compact Document that established self-government for the pilgrims
Virginia House of Burgesses First representative assembly in the colonies
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut First written constitution in North America, written by Thomas Hooker
Triangle Trade Trade between Europe, Africa, and North America that involved goods, rum, slaves, molasses, and money
Mercantilism Economic idea that colonies provide raw materials exclusively for the mother country
French and Indian War British fought French soldiers and Native Americans which resulted in Britain gaining land from the French
Treaty of paris, 1763 Treaty that ended the French and Indian War, after which the British began taxing the colonists to pay for the war
Proclamation of 1763 Act that stated that colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian mountains because King George could not afford to protect them
Townshend Acts Tax on imported goods such as tea, glass, lead, and paint
Intolerable Acts Acts that closed Boston Harbor, outlawed town meetings, ordered quartering of soldiers
Declaration of Independence 1776 colonists listed grievances against King George and declared their independence
Lexington and Concord First battle in the American Revolution
Battle at Saratoga Turning point in the American Revolution as the victory convinced France to support the colonists
Battle at Yorktown Last battle of the American Revolution where Cornwallis surrendered
Treaty of Paris, 1783 Treaty in which Great Britain acknowledged the United States as an independent nation
Northwest Ordinance Act that provided a method for admitting new states to the Union, no slavery was permitted
Articles of Confederation First government of the US, was weak in that the government couldn't tax, there was no army to put down a rebellion, only one branch of government
Constitutional Convention Delegates met in Philadelphia to write a new Constitution
Shays Rebellion A rebellion over taxes that exposed the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
War of 1812 War fought after Britain tried to prevent US from trading, and impressed US sailors into British Navy
"Era of Good Feelings" Period of time after the US was victorious in the War of 1812, proved US could protect itself
Popular Sovereignty Idea that government was created by people who have the power
Republicanism
Created by: dboehm